Innovative Higher Education

, 34:257 | Cite as

Institutional Efforts to Support Faculty in Online Teaching

  • Robert Orr
  • Mitchell R. Williams
  • Kevin Pennington
Article

Abstract

Effective processes, practices, and infrastructure are essential components of successful online teaching and learning efforts; and they lead to a sense of faculty ownership of online teaching as well as enhanced support from an institution’s administration. The institution’s recognition of faculty members’ efforts to teach online in relation to the traditional concepts of scholarship, tenure, and promotion is an important motivational factor for sustaining effectiveness in the online learning environment. This study examined institutional efforts to alleviate or overcome challenges faced by faculty members in creating and teaching online courses, and we investigated faculty members’ perceptions regarding these institutional efforts.

Key words

online teaching institutional support 

References

  1. American Association of State Colleges and Universities. (2006). Addressing the needs of adult learners. Policy Matters, 3(2), 1–4. Retrieved February 19, 2009, from http://www.aascu.org/policy_matters/pdf/v3n2.pdf Google Scholar
  2. Berge, Z., & Muilenberg, L. (2001). Obstacles faced at various stages of capability regarding distance education in institutions of higher learning. [Electronic version]. Tech Trends, 46(4), 40–45. Retrieved February 18, 2009, from http://www.emoderators.com/barriers/hghred_stgs.shtml
  3. Cavanaugh, J. (2005). Teaching online — a time comparison. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 8(1). Retrieved February 18, 2009, from http://www.westga.edu/%7Edistance/ojdla/spring81/cavanaugh81.htm
  4. Finney, R. (2004). Reaping the whirlwind: Challenges for professors in the era of distance education. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 84(4), 41–43.Google Scholar
  5. Fox, M., & Helford, P. (1999). Advancing the boundaries of higher education in Arizona using the World Wide Web. Interactive Learning Environments, 7(2–3), 155–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hardy, D., & Boaz, M. (1997). Learner development: Beyond the technology. In T. E. Cyrs (Ed.), Teaching and learning at a distance (pp. 41–48). New directions for teaching and learning, no.71. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  7. Huett, J., Moller, L., & Young, J. (2004). Building support for online courses from faculty and students. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 5(4), 253–264.Google Scholar
  8. Howell, S., Saba, F., Lindsay, N., & Williams, P. (2004). Seven strategies for enabling faculty success in distance education. Internet and Higher Education, 7(1), 33–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jones, R. (2003). A recommendation for managing the predicted growth in college enrollment at a time of adverse economic conditions. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 6(1). Retrieved February 19, 2009, from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/spring61/jones61.htm
  10. Kolowich, S. (2009, January 16). Recession may drive more adult students to take online classes. Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A11.Google Scholar
  11. Lewis, C. C., & Abdul-Hamid, H. (2006). Implementing effective online teaching practices: Voices of exemplary faculty. Innovative Higher Education, 31(2), 83–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Li, Y. (2004). Faculty perceptions about attributes and barriers impacting diffusion of web-based distance education at the China Agriculture University (Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University, 2004). Dissertation Abstracts International, 65, 07A.Google Scholar
  13. Lindquist, S. (2004). With a map and a compass: Planning for the online journey (Doctoral dissertation, University of North Dakota, 2001). Dissertation Abstracts International, 65, 11A, 4129.Google Scholar
  14. Merriam, S. B. (1998). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  15. Moller, L., Foshay, W., & Huett, J. (2008). The evolution of distance education: Implications for instructional design on the potential of the web. TechTrends: Linking Research & Practice to Improve Learning, 52(4), 66–70.Google Scholar
  16. Muilenberg, L., & Berge, Z. (2001). Barriers to distance education: A factor-analytic study. The American Journal of Distance Education, 15(2), 7–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Osika, E. R., & Camin, D. (2002). Concentric model for evaluating Internet-based distance learning programs. Proceedings of Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning, 18, 281–286.Google Scholar
  18. Parisot, A. (1997). Distance education as a catalyst for changing teaching in the community college: Implications for institutional policy. In C. L. Dillon (Ed.), Building a working policy for distance education (pp. 5–13). New directions for community colleges, no. 99. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  19. Polkinghorne, D. E. (2005). Language and meaning: Data collection in qualitative research. Journal of Counseling and Psychology, 52(2), 137–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Porter, R. (2003). Internet-based distance educators address major distance education barriers in large postsecondary institutions (Doctoral dissertation, Saint Louis University, 2002). Dissertation Abstracts International, 65, 04A, 1278.Google Scholar
  21. Reisett, M., & Boris, G. (2004). What works: Student perceptions of effective elements in online learning. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 5(4), 277–292.Google Scholar
  22. Tarr, T., & McDaniel, R. (2005). IUPUI jump start program prepares faculty to teach online. Academic Leader, 21(2), 6.Google Scholar
  23. Xu, H., & Morris, L. V. (2007). Collaborative course development for online courses. Innovative Higher Education, 32(1), 35–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Orr
    • 1
  • Mitchell R. Williams
    • 2
  • Kevin Pennington
    • 3
  1. 1.University of North Carolina at PembrokePembrokeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational LeadershipOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA
  3. 3.Western Carolina UniversityCullowheeUSA

Personalised recommendations