Innovative Higher Education

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 93–103 | Cite as

Maximizing Learning Through Course Alignment and Experience with Different Types of Knowledge

  • Phyllis BlumbergEmail author


Consistency among the objectives, learning activities, and assessment exercises results in aligned courses, which give students direction and clarity and yield increased learning. However, instructors may not check for course alignment. This article describes a concrete way to determine course alignment by plotting the course components on a table using the cognitive process levels from a revised taxonomy of learning objectives. Once instructors realize that courses are misaligned, they can make adjustments. By giving students experience with varied types of knowledge, which is the other part of this taxonomy, they also learn more. The types of knowledge include factual, conceptual, procedural, and meta-cognitive knowledge.

Key words

course alignment student learning objectives 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Teaching and Learning CenterUniversity of the Sciences in PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA

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