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Inflammation

, Volume 42, Issue 6, pp 2086–2094 | Cite as

Effect of Oral T2 Antigen on Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Mice Model

  • Meng Tang
  • Rahat Ullah
  • Junaid Wazir
  • Farhan Ullah Khan
  • Awais Ullah Ihsan
  • Xingxing Cui
  • Wenlu Wang
  • Min Hu
  • Yuqian Liu
  • Xiaohui ZhouEmail author
Original Article
  • 88 Downloads

Abstract

The exact etiology and pathogenesis of chronic prostatitis (CP/CPPS) remain unclear. However, autoimmunity is a widely known theory. Precise treatment of CP/CPPS is not available. Here, we developed a new effective treatment method to prevent the occurrence of CP/CPPS. A total of 40 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): i.e., naive, model, high-dose (500 μg/ml), and low-dose (50 μg/ml) groups. High-dose and low-dose groups were orally given 0.4 ml of T2-containing soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI) at once after every 2 days for a total of 10 days. On day 10 and day 24 all the groups except naïve group were subcutaneously injected with 0.2 ml of T2 peptide along with CFA to make valid CP/CPPS models. Hematoxylin and eosin staining were used to evaluate the variation in CP/CPPS manifestation. Voiding behavior was recorded for the evaluation of urine frequencies. ELISA was used to measure the serum level of TNF-α in each group. The high- and low-dose groups of T2-containing STI displayed a reduction in urine frequencies, and inflammation, and there was a slight inflammatory infiltration as compared to the model group. In contrast, there was no difference observed in the TNF-α concentration of model as well as high- and low-dose groups compared to the naïve group. Our study demonstrates that oral T2-containing STI prevents CP/CPPS and provides an effective approach for the treatment of CP/CPPS.

KEY WORDS

T2 antigen oral tolerance chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome inflammation 

Notes

Author’s Contributions

Meng Tang, Rahat Ullah, and Junaid Wazir designed the study; Meng Tang and Rahat Ullah performed the experiments and wrote the manuscript; Xinxing Cui and Wenlu Wang contributed to the establishment of mice model. Min Hu and Yuqian Liu helped analyze the data; Farhan Ullah Khan and Awais Ullah Ihsan revised the manuscript; Xiaohui Zhou supervised the whole study.

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant Nos. 30973003 & 30901993] and Administration of TCM of Jiangsu province [Grant No. LZ11093].

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meng Tang
    • 1
  • Rahat Ullah
    • 1
  • Junaid Wazir
    • 1
  • Farhan Ullah Khan
    • 1
  • Awais Ullah Ihsan
    • 1
  • Xingxing Cui
    • 1
  • Wenlu Wang
    • 1
  • Min Hu
    • 1
  • Yuqian Liu
    • 1
  • Xiaohui Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Basic Medicine and Clinical PharmacyChina Pharmaceutical UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryNanjing Shuiximen HospitalNanjingChina
  3. 3.Zhongda HospitalAffiliated with Southeast UniversityNanjingChina

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