pp 1–13 | Cite as

Targeting NLRP3 Inflammasome in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Putting out the Fire of Inflammation

  • Bo-Zong ShaoEmail author
  • Shu-Ling Wang
  • Peng Pan
  • Jun Yao
  • Kai Wu
  • Zhao-Shen LiEmail author
  • Yu BaiEmail author
  • En-Qiang LinghuEmail author


Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine, comprised of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Among the complicated pathogenic factors of IBD, the overaction of inflammatory and immune reaction serves as an important factor. Inflammasome is a form of innate immunity as well as inflammation. Among all kinds of inflammasomes, the NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is the most studied one, and has been revealed to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of IBD. Here, in this review, the association between the NLRP3 inflammasome and IBD will be discussed. Furthermore, several NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitors which have been demonstrated to be effective in the alleviation of IBD will be described in this review.


inflammatory bowel disease NLRP3 inflammasome ulcerative colitis Crohn’s disease inflammation autophagy 



Dr. Yu Bai was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFC1308800, 2018YFC1313103), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 81670473 and 81873546), and Three Engineering Training Funds in Shenzhen (No. SYLY201718). Dr. Jun Yao was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81800489), Three engineering training funds in Shenzhen (No. SYLY201718), and Technical Research and Development Project of Shenzhen (No. JCYJ20150403101028164 and JCYJ20170307100538697).

Author Contributions

B-ZS, S-LW, and PP retrieved and analyzed concerned literatures. B-ZS and JY wrote the manuscript. S-LW and PP designed the table and figure. E-QL, YB, and Z-SL revised the manuscript. All the authors agreed to be accountable for the content of the work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyGeneral Hospital of the Chinese People’s Liberation ArmyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Gastroenterology, Changhai HospitalSecond Military Medical University/Naval Medical UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of Gastroenterology, The Second Clinical Medical CollegeJinan UniversityShenzhenChina

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