, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 133–140

Japanese Encephalitis Virus Envelope Protein Mitigates TNF-α mRNA Expression in RAW264.7 Cells

  • Tsai-Ching Hsu
  • Ji-Qiang Gao
  • Ko-Hsiu Lu
  • Chang-Hai Tsai
  • Chih-Yang Huang
  • Bor-Show Tzang


Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is known as an important mosquito-borne human pathogen that causes Japanese encephalitis and may lead to lethal effect. Since monocyte has been demonstrated to play transmissible role for JEV, rare study is reported to clarify the effect of JEV envelope (JEVE) protein on monocyte. This study intends to investigate the effects of JEVE protein inside monocyte. Notably, significant decreased expression of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α mRNA in RAW264.7 cells transfected with pEGFP-JEVE was observed as compared to those cells transfected with pEGFP. Increased p21Waf1/Cip1 protein was observed in both pEGFP and pEGFP-JEVE transfected RAW264.7 cells. However, increased p53 protein was only detected in pEGFP-transfected cells but not pEGFP-JEVE transfected cells as well as the result that no increased expression of nuclear factor-kB was observed in pEGFP-JEVE transfected cells. These experimental results indicate the effects of JEVE protein in alleviating TNF-α mRNA expression that is associated with the increased p53-independent p21Waf1/Cip1 expression and provide an explanation in the role of JEV transmission through monocyte.

Key words

Japanese encephalitis virus monocyte envelope protein TNF-α p21Waf1/Cip1 



Japanese encephalitis virus


tumour necrosis factor


nuclear factor-kB

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsai-Ching Hsu
    • 1
  • Ji-Qiang Gao
    • 2
  • Ko-Hsiu Lu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Chang-Hai Tsai
    • 5
  • Chih-Yang Huang
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
  • Bor-Show Tzang
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of ImmunologyChung Shan Medical UniversityTaichungRepublic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Biochemistry and BiotechnologyChung Shan Medical UniversityTaichungRepublic of China
  3. 3.School of MedicineChung Shan Medical UniversityTaichungRepublic of China
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryChung Shan Medical University HospitalTaichungRepublic of China
  5. 5.Department of Healthcare AdministrationAsia UniversityTaichungRepublic of China
  6. 6.Graduate Institute of Chinese Medical ScienceChina Medical UniversityTaichungRepublic of China
  7. 7.Institute of Basic Medical ScienceChina Medical UniversityTaichungRepublic of China
  8. 8.Department of Health and Nutrition BiotechnologyAsia UniversityTaichungRepublic of China

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