Inflammation

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 230–235 | Cite as

The Effects of High Dose Pravastatin and Low Dose Pravastatin and Ezetimibe Combination Therapy on Lipid, Glucose Metabolism and Inflammation

Article

Abstract

Objective

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is presently the major cause of mortality and morbidity. Anti-hyperlipidemic treatment is one of the main treatment steps in the management of CAD. Statins are the cornerstones in this treatment. Ezetimibe can be reliably used, when statins prove ineffective in treatment, or to reduce their side effects. In the present study we examined the effects of high-dose pravastatin (40 mg) and low-dose pravastatin (10 mg) + ezetimibe (10 mg) combination therapy on lipid and glucose mechanism, as well as inflammation.

Methods

This study registered 100 cases. Of the cases, 50 [57.1 ± 11.1 years (24 (48%) females and 26 (52%) males)] were administered 40 mg/day pravastatin (group 1) and 50 [53.2 ± 12.2 years (27 (54%) females and 23 (46%) males)] were administered 10 mg pravastatin + 10 mg ezetimibe (group 2).

Results

In group 1, total cholesterol fell from 231.1 ± 83.5 mg/dl to 211.3 ± 37.2 mg/dl (p = 0.03), triglyceride from 243.5 ± 96.8 mg/dl to 190.9 ± 55.2 mg/dl (p = 0.003), and LDL cholesterol from 165.7 ± 29.7 mg/dl to 133.4 ± 26.6 mg/dl (p = 0.02). In group 2, total cholesterol dropped from 250.9 ± 51.8 mg/dl to 187.9 ± 34.9 mg/dl (p = 0.001), triglyceride from 270.3 ± 158.9 mg/dl to 154.6 ± 60.7 mg/dl (p = 0.001), and LDL cholesterol from 158.1 ± 47.5 mg/dl to 116.9 ± 26.4 mg/dl (p = 0.001). Insulin resistance decreased from 4.05 ± 2.31 to 3.16 ± 1.90 (p = 0.07) in group 1 and from 2.96 ± 1.50 to 2.05 ± 0.55 (p = 0.009) in group 2. High sensitive C-reactive protein fell from 6.69 ± 6.11 mg/l to 3.02 ± 1.70 mg/l (p = 0.01) in group 1 and from 6.36 ± 2.06 mg/l to 2.68 ± 1.69 mg/l (p = 0.001) in group 2.

Conclusion

Both therapy regimes are effective. However, we found that low-dose pravastatin and ezetimibe combination therapy is more effective than high-dose pravastatin therapy on lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism and inflammation.

Key words

ezetimibe pravastatin hyperlipidemia inflammation insulin resistance 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of CardiologyFirat University, School of MedicineElazigTurkey
  2. 2.Firat (Euphrates) Üniversitesi, Firat Tip Merkezi, Kardiyoloji Anabilim DaliElazigTurkey

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