Hyperfine Interactions

, 240:71 | Cite as

Organic residues as adsorbent for the removal of ciprofloxacin from aqueous solution

  • María Eulalia PeñafielEmail author
  • Eulalia Vanegas
  • Daniel Bermejo
  • José María Matesanz
  • María P Ormad
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Proceedings of the 16th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (LACAME 2018), 18-23 November 2018, Santiago de Chile, Chile


Ciprofloxacin was used to study the adsorbent properties of three organic residues: corn cob and rice husk. The study encompassed measuring the effect of the biomass dose, pH, contact time, temperature and initial concentration of the drug. The optimal dose of the adsorbent was established in 2 and 6 g L−1 for the corn cob and rice husk, respectively. The pH strongly affects the adsorption of ciprofloxacin; the optimum pH for the absorption of ciprofloxacin onto the three biomasses is 6. The experiments show a rapid adsorption that hits equilibrium in 60 min for the rice husk and 40 min for corn cob. The temperature has little in fluence with a tendency to a decrease in the percentage of removal when the temperature increases. The removal percentage of ciprofloxacin reaches 56.3% for corn cob and 59.7% for rice husk given an ambient temperature of 20 °C and a ciprofloxacin concentration of 5 mg L−1. The experimental adsorption data can be fitted well by the Freundlich model and the kinetic data by a pseudo second order model. The obtained results suggest that maize and rice husk can be used as low-cost biosorbents for the removal of ciprofloxacin from aqueous solutions.


Ciprofloxacin Biosorption Corn cob Rice husk 



The authors thank the funding from the Dirección de Investigación de la Universidad de Cuenca (DIUC) through the project DUIC_XIV_2016_037.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Eulalia Peñafiel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eulalia Vanegas
    • 1
  • Daniel Bermejo
    • 1
  • José María Matesanz
    • 2
  • María P Ormad
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Environmental Studies, Department of Applied Chemistry and Production Systems, Faculty of Chemical SciencesUniversity of CuencaCuencaEcuador
  2. 2.School of Engineering and Architecture/ Institute of Environmental Sciences, SpainUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

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