Hyperfine Interactions

, 238:2 | Cite as

In and Cd as defect traps in titanium dioxide

  • Juliana SchellEmail author
  • Doru C. Lupascu
  • João Guilherme Martins Correia
  • Artur Wilson Carbonari
  • Manfred Deicher
  • Marcelo Baptista Barbosa
  • Ronaldo Domingues Mansano
  • Karl Johnston
  • Ibere S. Ribeiro Jr.
  • ISOLDE collaboration
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Proceedings of the 2nd Mediterranean Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (MECAME 2016), Cavtat, Croatia, 31 May-3 June 2016


We present a study of TiO2 single crystals from the point of view of the dopant atom that simultaneously behaves as the probing element. We used gamma-gamma time dependent perturbed angular correlations working with selected tracer elements (111In/ 111Cd, 111mCd/ 111Cd) together to investigate the different behavior of Cd and In dopants, particularly their interaction with point defects in the TiO2 lattice. Results show that the hyperfine interactions observed at 111Cd from 111In or 111mCd decay are quite different. 111In/ 111Cd results show a single site fraction characterized by a quadrupole frequency with asymmetry parameter similar to those observed for the same probe nuclei in bulk TiO2 oxides. Results for 111mCd/ 111Cd reveal two site fractions, one characterized by the same hyperfine parameters to those measured in bulk TiO2 and another fraction characterized by a quadrupole frequency and asymmetry parameters with higher values, as observed in thin TiO2 films and correlated with point defects. The results are discussed emphasizing the differences for Cd and In as defect traps on TiO2.


In and Cd doping Gamma-gamma PAC Titanium dioxide 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juliana Schell
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Doru C. Lupascu
    • 2
  • João Guilherme Martins Correia
    • 1
    • 3
  • Artur Wilson Carbonari
    • 4
  • Manfred Deicher
    • 5
  • Marcelo Baptista Barbosa
    • 6
  • Ronaldo Domingues Mansano
    • 7
  • Karl Johnston
    • 1
  • Ibere S. Ribeiro Jr.
    • 4
  • ISOLDE collaboration
    • 1
  1. 1.European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)GenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute for Materials Science and Center for Nanointegration, Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE)University of Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany
  3. 3.C2TN, Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Nucleares, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e NuclearesUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.ExperimentalphysikUniversität des SaarlandesSaarlandesGermany
  6. 6.Instituto de Física dos Materiais da Universidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  7. 7.Escola PolitécnicaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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