Beam instrumentation for the Ultra-low energy Storage Ring (USR)
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The electrostatic Ultra-low energy Storage Ring (USR) at the future Facility for Low energy Antiproton and Ion Research (FLAIR) will make available antiprotons from 300 keV down to 20 keV beam energy. This multipurpose machine puts challenging demands on the beam instrumentation due to the varied bunch structure (ultra-short bunches of 1–2 ns up to a quasi-DC beam structure on the other), together with variable very low beam energies, ultra-low currents of down to 1 nA (or even less in the transfer lines which means less than 2 × 107 particles). Thus, the development of new diagnostic devices is required as most of the standard techniques are not suitable. Within the QUASAR Group, the necessary beam instrumentation for the commissioning phase and standard operation of the USR, as well as advanced techniques such as a gas curtain-jet beam profile monitor, have been developed and prototypes of all devices have been built up. This paper presents the design of all beam diagnostics devices for the USR and summarizes the results from first measurements.
KeywordsAntiprotons Beam Diagnostics Instrumentation Low energy Storage ring
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