Developments for the direct determination of the g-factor of a single proton in a Penning trap
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The measurement and comparison of the magnetic moment (or g-factor) of the proton and antiproton provide a stringent experimental test of the CPT-theorem in the baryonic sector (Quint et al., Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res, B 214:207, 2004). We present an experimental setup for the first direct high-precision measurement of the g-factor of a single isolated proton in a double cylindrical Penning trap. The application of the continuous Stern-Gerlach effect to detect quantum jumps between the two spin states of the particle, together with a novel trap design specially developed for this purpose, offers the possibility of measuring the magnetic moment not only of a single proton but also of a single antiproton. It is aimed to achieve a relative uncertainty of 10 − 9 or better. Preliminary results including mass spectra of particle clouds as well as single proton preparation and detection are shown.
KeywordsPenning trap Magnetic moment Antiproton CPT