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Hyperfine Interactions

, Volume 166, Issue 1–4, pp 373–378 | Cite as

BaSnF4 fast ion conductor: Variations versus the method of preparation and anomalous temperature variation of the quadrupole splitting

  • Jamil Hantash
  • Alan Bartlett
  • Georges Dénès
  • Abdualhafeed Muntasar
  • Philip Oldfield
Article

Abstract

A new method of preparation of high performance fluoride ion conductor, BaSnF4, by water leaching of newly discovered barium tin(II) chloride fluorides, has been designed, and the materials have been studied and compared to the solid prepared by the usual dry method. The unit-cell parameters and crystallite dimensions were found to vary with the method of preparation. In addition, the crystallite dimensions were found to be highly anisotropic for the samples obtained by the wet method. The Mössbauer spectrum is made of a large tin(II) quadrupole doublet, and a broad tin(IV) oxide peak due to surface oxidation. The tin(II) spectrum is in agreement with covalently bonded tin(II) having a strongly stereoactive lone pair. An unusually high dependence of the quadrupole splitting at low temperatures was observed (5.8 times larger than for α-SnF2).

Key words

barium tin fluoride ionic conductor Mössbauer spectroscopy synthetic methods 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jamil Hantash
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alan Bartlett
    • 2
  • Georges Dénès
    • 1
  • Abdualhafeed Muntasar
    • 1
  • Philip Oldfield
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Solid State Chemistry and Mössbauer Spectroscopy, Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryConcordia UniversityMontréalCanada
  2. 2.CTBR, A Charles River Laboratories CompanySennevilleCanada

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