Mössbauer study of iron oxide modified montmorillonite
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Montmorillonite particles were modified by iron oxides using the precipitation process with the aim to monitor the differences in the structural and magnetic properties of intercalated and adsorbed Fe3+. The Mössbauer spectra recorded at 5 K in zero and 6 T external fields, IR spectra and TG curves measured in zero and 32 mT fields identified the ferrihydrite pillars in an interlayer space of the montmorillonite structure and γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles adsorbed on the mineral surface. The temperature dependent Mössbauer spectra (25–300 K) reflect the superparamagnetic behaviour of maghemite nanoparticles and ferrihydrite pillars with the blocking temperatures of about 80 and 25 K, respectively.
Key wordsMössbauer effect iron oxide montmorillonite
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