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Genetic and functional repertoires of Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker, 1857) (Mollusca, Mytilidae): a review on the use of molecular techniques for the detection and control of the golden mussel


Limnoperna fortunei, the golden mussel, is a bivalve mollusc native to Southeast Asia, which was introduced to South America via ballast water from commercial cargo ships from China and South Korea. In Brazil, the golden mussel is considered an invasive species, which has caused enormous economic and environmental damage. This is mainly due to the obstruction of pipes carrying water for the cooling systems within hydroelectric power plants. The presence of this invasive species also negatively impacts native fauna and flora. Early detection and rapid response during the early stages of infestation for this invasive species is essential to effectively control populations and prevent new infestations from forming. Techniques within molecular biology allow for more efficient detection of the golden mussel in all stages of development. In addition, the analysis of the genome, transcriptome and proteome of this species makes it possible to identify targets of biotechnological interest, which may be useful for the control of the golden mussel or for the generation of products of technological innovation. This review presents an overview of molecular studies involving this species and the perspectives on the prevention, control and combat of the golden mussel using these approaches.

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    Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species.


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This work was supported by the Companhia Energética de Minas Gerais (CEMIG)—R&Ds Aneel GT-0604. Erika C. Jorge received a scholarship from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq).

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Correspondence to Rayan Silva de Paula.

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de Paula, R.S., Reis, M.d.P., de Oliveira Júnior, R.B. et al. Genetic and functional repertoires of Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker, 1857) (Mollusca, Mytilidae): a review on the use of molecular techniques for the detection and control of the golden mussel. Hydrobiologia (2020).

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  • Invasive species
  • Limnoperna fortunei
  • Molecular biology
  • Genome
  • Transcriptome