Evolution of squat lobsters (Crustacea, Galatheoidea): mitogenomic data suggest an early divergent Porcellanidae

  • Ferran PaleroEmail author
  • Paula C. Rodríguez-Flores
  • Patricia Cabezas
  • Annie Machordom
  • Enrique Macpherson
  • Laure Corbari
Primary Research Paper


Squat lobsters constitute an exceptional group to address evolutionary studies in marine species because of their high diversity at multiple taxonomic levels. The families included within Galatheoidea are characterized by morphological, molecular, and ecological differences. Previous phylogenetic reconstructions have considered either Galatheidae, Porcellanidae, or even Munidopsidae as the most derived family within Galatheoidea, but evolutionary relationships within the superfamily have not been fully resolved yet. In order to test previous phylogenetic hypotheses on the relative placement of Porcellanidae within the Galatheoidea, and further characterize mitochondrial gene order in Munidopsidae, the first complete mitochondrial genomic sequence of a Galatheidae squat lobster (Galathea aegyptiaca) and the partial mitogenome of Munidopsis polymorpha are reported here. These new sequences complement previous studies to include all extant families and provide further evidence on the importance of mitochondrial gene rearrangements in Galatheoidea. Implications of the new phylogenetic data on the evolution of carcinization within Anomura are also discussed.


Crustacea Gene rearrangement Deep sea Squat lobsters Mitochondrial evolution 



Thanks are due to Gustav Paulay (FMNH), Paul Clark (NHM), Alain Crosnier (MNHN), and Paula Martin-Lefèvre (MNHN) because they were key to the completion of this study through both museum loans and joyful encouragement. Thanks are particularly due to Iván Acevedo for helping us to obtain permits for sampling Munidopsis polymorpha and Prof. Nishida (University of Tokyo) for hosting Patricia Cabezas and helping on the sequencing of Munidopsis polymorpha. The comments from two anonymous reviewers helped significantly to improve the original submission of this manuscript. This research was funded by projects PopComics, CTM2017-88080 (AEI/FEDER, UE) and ConCoast (CTM2014-57949-R) of the Spanish Government. FP acknowledges a post-doctoral contract funded by the Beatriu de Pinós Programme of the Generalitat de Catalunya.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Hydrobiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental ProtectionUniversity of LodzŁódźPoland
  2. 2.Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes (CEAB-CSIC)BlanesSpain
  3. 3.Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC)MadridSpain
  4. 4.Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB UMR 7205), Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, EPHEParisFrance

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