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Comparison of the propensity to drift for three invertebrate taxa: a laboratory study

  • Elorri Arevalo
  • Aitor Larrañaga
  • Margaret Lang
  • Etienne Prevost
  • Agnès Bardonnet
Primary Research Paper
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

Invertebrate drift is an important ecological process but factors affecting the downstream transport of invertebrates are difficult to assess. The influence of water velocity on drift entry rates is still unclear and has rarely been quantified. In this study, conducted in spring and autumn, we investigated the drift propensity for different sizes of Baetis, Simulium and Chironomus larvae which, over a 24-h period, were subjected to low, moderate or high water velocities (14, 30 and 40 cm s−1, respectively) in either fine or coarse gravel beds. Interspecific differences were detected: Baetis drifted the most, Chironomus showed intermediate values and Simulium drifted the least. Chironomus was the only taxon that responded to water velocity. Baetis and Simulium were only slightly constrained to drift by the experimental conditions, while, in contrast, Chironomus larvae were very sensitive to flow increase. Substrate size (fine/coarse gravel bed) had no effect on any taxa. Small Simulium and Chironomus drifted more than larger ones. A seasonal effect was also detected, with Baetis drifting more in fall and Simulium drifting more in spring. Results suggest that community structure may be as or more important than hydraulics as a determinant of drift rates.

Keywords

Aquatic invertebrates Water velocity Substrate size Invertebrate size Season 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are extremely thankful to the referees for their constructive comments. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. E. Arevalo benefits from a cross-border grant (Univ Pau & Pays Adour/UPV) and from Mérimée, a programme funded by the French Embassy. Experiments were carried out thanks to the IE ECP facilities and financially supported by CG64 and INRA Ecoserv Metaprogram. We wish to thank F. Gueraud, P. Coste, E. Huchet and J. Rives for their help with the experimental set-up and invertebrate sampling, J. Labonne for his comments on the manuscript and J. Almany for correcting the English manuscript.

Supplementary material

10750_2018_3870_MOESM1_ESM.docx (104 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 103 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ECOBIOP, UMR 1224, INRAUniv Pau & Pays AdourSaint-Pée-sur-NivelleFrance
  2. 2.Lab of Stream Ecology, Dept. of Plant Biology and EcologyUniv. Basque Country, UPV/EHUBilbaoSpain
  3. 3.Environmental Resources EngineeringHumboldt State UniversityArcataUSA

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