, Volume 825, Issue 1, pp 47–60 | Cite as

Crustacean metamorphosis: an omics perspective

  • Tomer VenturaEmail author
  • Ferran Palero
  • Guiomar Rotllant
  • Quinn P. Fitzgibbon


Metamorphosis involves a complex network of genes that orchestrate a perfectly timed reorganization of one body form to another. The molecular pathways that start to unravel for an increasing number of species show that there exists great diversity among different species, as would be expected by their wide range of life histories and transformation strategies. The metamorphosis process could account for a considerably high percentile of transcribed sequences over a short period of time, with the genome encoding for different life forms. Such important changes in expression patterns for a high number of genes pose a challenge for accurately assign each gene to a function. Several key conserved factors are consistently expressed and can be placed at the center of metamorphosis, including the mechanisms involving the molt hormone, 20 Hydroxy-Ecdysone, and the juvenile hormone. Yet, many additional factors are not characterized, remain unannotated, or do not have a function assigned. This manuscript provides several examples of how an integrated omics approach can develop further insights into crustacean metamorphosis and eventually lead to discovery of key factors for metamorphosis.


Metamorphosis Ecdysone Juvenile hormone Cytochrome P450 Omics 



The current study was supported by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project (DP160103320) and the Marie Curie International Research Staff Exchange Scheme Fellowship within the 7th European Community Framework Programme (612296-DeNuGReC). FP acknowledges the project CHALLENGEN (CTM2013-48163) of the Spanish Government and a post-doctoral contract funded by the Beatriu de Pinos Programme of the Generalitat de Catalunya.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (TXT 34 kb)


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GeneCology Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and EngineeringUniversity of the Sunshine CoastQueenslandAustralia
  2. 2.Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes (CEAB-CSIC)BlanesSpain
  3. 3.Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC)BarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Institute of Marine and Antarctic StudiesCentre for Fisheries and Aquaculture University of TasmaniaHobartAustralia

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