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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 802, Issue 1, pp 255–267 | Cite as

Thermal ecology of Galaxias platei (Pisces, Galaxiidae) in South Patagonia: perspectives under a climate change scenario

  • María Eugenia Barrantes
  • María Eugenia Lattuca
  • Fabián Alberto Vanella
  • Daniel Alfredo Fernández
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

The native freshwater fish Galaxias platei shows a wide latitudinal distribution in Patagonia, being found on both sides of the Andes. Currently, climate change poses one of the main threats to native fish, and its effects are appearing faster in high southern latitudes. The aim of this work was to analyse the possible effects of climate change in G. platei through its thermal responses. We hypothesized that juveniles of this species would be affected by indirect rather than by direct consequences of climate change. We determined the thermal tolerance polygon using Critical Thermal Methodology and preferred temperatures using a thermal gradient. Additionally, we evaluated routine metabolic rate using stop-flow respirometry. Results showed an intermediate to large polygon, with a non-negligible portion acquired through acclimation. Preferred temperatures and routine metabolic rates were positively related to acclimation temperature. Results suggest that G. platei thermal tolerance is dependent on its prior thermal history, have a eurythermal nature but maintain high levels of cold tolerance. Moreover, G. platei would be better suited at maintaining homeostasis at highest temperatures where more energy could be available for growth. This is the first time that thermal ecology data are registered for this species at its southernmost distribution.

Keywords

Acclimation Metabolic rate Q10 Thermal tolerance Thermal preference 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) through the PIP 0321 and PIP 0440. Thanks to Daniel Aureliano and Marcelo Gutiérrez for technical assistance and Frank Sola for his assistance with the English language of the manuscript. We also acknowledge financial support in terms of post-doctoral grant from the CONICET (M.E. Barrantes).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Eugenia Barrantes
    • 1
  • María Eugenia Lattuca
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fabián Alberto Vanella
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniel Alfredo Fernández
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Ecología, Fisiología y Evolución de Organismos Acuáticos (LEFyE)Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas (CADIC-CONICET)UshuaiaArgentina
  2. 2.Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN)UshuaiaArgentina
  3. 3.Instituto de Ciencias PolaresAmbiente y Recursos Naturales (ICPA) de la Universidad Nacional de Tierra del Fuego (UNTDF)UshuaiaArgentina

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