Hydrobiologia

, Volume 799, Issue 1, pp 181–191 | Cite as

Linking watershed land uses and crustacean assemblages in Mediterranean wetlands

  • Juan Diego Gilbert
  • Inmaculada de Vicente
  • Fernando Ortega
  • Enrique García-Muñoz
  • Raquel Jiménez-Melero
  • Gema Parra
  • Francisco Guerrero
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

The watershed land uses in Mediterranean wetlands are essential to understand the functioning of aquatic communities. This study was designed to assess the relationship between watershed land uses, wetland characteristics and zooplankton assemblages (branchiopods and copepods) in 24 Mediterranean wetlands of the southern Iberian Peninsula, which greatly differ in both wetland land uses (olive groves, pasture, scrublands, and forest) and in their morphometric and limnological features. Firstly, results from a Principal Component Analysis allowed us to classify wetlands in two categories: impacted and non-impacted. Then, one-way Analysis of Variance was performed to test differences in zooplankton species richness and a Permutational Analysis of Variance was performed to test differences in zooplankton assemblages between categories. Lastly, a Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling analysis was chosen for the lake-by-species ordination. The results support the hypothesis that zooplankton richness and composition were negatively affected by watershed land uses, mainly agriculture practices. Moreover, species zooplankton assemblages were clearly linked to the two different wetlands categories. The present study puts forward the important role of zooplankton community for testing land use effects in Mediterranean wetlands.

Keywords

Agriculture Pond Catchment management Land use Zooplankton Conservation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología y Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Ciencias de la Tierra (CEACTierra)Universidad de JaénJaénSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de EcologíaUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Biología Animal, Biología Vegetal y EcologíaUniversidad de JaénJaénSpain

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