Hydrobiologia

, Volume 810, Issue 1, pp 29–44 | Cite as

Diversity, biogeography and conservation of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionida) in East and Southeast Asia

  • Alexandra Zieritz
  • Arthur E. Bogan
  • Elsa Froufe
  • Olga Klishko
  • Takaki Kondo
  • Uthaiwan Kovitvadhi
  • Satit Kovitvadhi
  • Jin Hee Lee
  • Manuel Lopes-Lima
  • John M. Pfeiffer
  • Ronaldo Sousa
  • Tu Van Do
  • Ilya Vikhrev
  • David T. Zanatta
FRESHWATER BIVALVES Review Paper

Abstract

Recent research efforts have significantly advanced our knowledge on Asian freshwater mussel (Bivalvia: Unionida) diversity and distribution. Here we provide a modern consensus of the diversity, biogeography and conservation of Unionida in the region comprising East and Southeast Asia (excluding Wallacea) and Asian Russia. A data review confirmed the presence of 228 native and 3 non-native Unionida (98% Unionidae, 2% Margaritiferidae), rendering the region a global hotspot of freshwater mussel diversity. Species richness was highest in China (particularly Yangtze basin) in absolute numbers and Cambodia when correcting for country area, and decreased gradually towards the south and steeply towards the north and east. Six of the seven unionid subfamilies are native to the region, with species richness peaking in Southeast Asia for Rectidentinae, Gonideinae, Parreysiinae and Modellnaiinae, China for Anodontinae and Unioninae, and Asian Russia for Margaritiferidae. Conservation status and data collected after 1980 were not available for 61 and 24% of species, respectively. Dams, deforestation and pollution are likely the major threats to mussels in the region, though data in this respect are scarce. The Philippines, Laos, Indonesia, Myanmar and Malaysia are among the countries with the poorest data availability and urgently require research.

Keywords

Distribution Margaritiferidae Mollusca Russia Unionoida Unionidae 

Notes

Acknowledgements

AZ was supported by a Postdoctoral Research Fellowship by the School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus. EF was supported by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) under grant SFRH/BPD/108445/2015.

Supplementary material

10750_2017_3104_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (540 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 539 kb)
10750_2017_3104_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (623 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 623 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Zieritz
    • 1
  • Arthur E. Bogan
    • 2
  • Elsa Froufe
    • 3
  • Olga Klishko
    • 4
  • Takaki Kondo
    • 5
  • Uthaiwan Kovitvadhi
    • 6
  • Satit Kovitvadhi
    • 7
  • Jin Hee Lee
    • 8
  • Manuel Lopes-Lima
    • 3
    • 9
  • John M. Pfeiffer
    • 10
  • Ronaldo Sousa
    • 11
  • Tu Van Do
    • 12
  • Ilya Vikhrev
    • 13
  • David T. Zanatta
    • 14
  1. 1.School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Nottingham Malaysia CampusSemenyihMalaysia
  2. 2.Research LaboratoryNorth Carolina State Museum of Natural SciencesRaleighUSA
  3. 3.CIIMAR/CIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental ResearchUniversity of PortoMatosinhosPortugal
  4. 4.Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and CryologySiberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesChitaRussia
  5. 5.Division of Natural SciencesOsaka Kyoiku UniversityKashiwaraJapan
  6. 6.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  7. 7.Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Science and TechnologyBansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat UniversityBangkokThailand
  8. 8.Department of Life ScienceKyungpook National UniversityDaeguKorea
  9. 9.CIBIO/InBIO - Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic ResourcesUniversidade do PortoVairãoPortugal
  10. 10.Florida Museum of Natural HistoryUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  11. 11.CBMA - Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology, Department of BiologyUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal
  12. 12.Institute of Ecology and Biological ResourcesVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHa NoiVietnam
  13. 13.IBIGER – Institute of Biogeography and Genetic Resources, Federal Centre for Integrated Arctic ResearchRussian Academy of SciencesArkhangelskRussia
  14. 14.Biology Department, Institute of Great Lakes ResearchCentral Michigan UniversityMount PleasantUSA

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