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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 794, Issue 1, pp 49–57 | Cite as

Biomanipulation-induced reduction of sediment phosphorus release in a tropical shallow lake

  • Xiufeng Zhang
  • Yali Tang
  • Erik Jeppesen
  • Zhengwen Liu
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

Biomanipulation via fish regulation combined with submerged plant introduction is an effective measure to restore eutrophic shallow lakes. Improved water quality and clarity promote growth of benthic algae, which with submerged plants may limit sediment phosphorus (P) release, thereby reinforce lake recovery. Our study sought to evaluate the effect of such a biomanipulation on water quality, benthic algal development and sediment P release in a shallow, tropical lake by (1) comparing porewater and lake water quality, light intensity and benthic algal development in restored and unrestored sections; (2) conducting a 32P radiotracer experiment to track P release from sediment cores sampled from both sections. The biomanipulation led to lower total P, total dissolved P, and soluble reactive P concentrations in lake water, lower phytoplankton biomass, and increased light intensity at sediment surface, stimulating benthic algal development. Moreover, sediment 32P release was lower in the restored than unrestored section. Concurrently, dissolved oxygen levels in upper layers of the sediment cores were higher in the restored section. Our study indicates that the biomanipulation improved water quality and enhanced growth of benthic algae, thereby reducing sediment P release, which may be one of the main mechanisms to create successful restoration.

Keywords

Biomanipulation Submerged plant Fish manipulation Restoration Induced benthic algae Eutrophication Shallow lakes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Anne Mette Poulsen for valuable editorial work and Henning Skovgaard Jensen for constructive comments of this manuscript. The study was sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31570456 and 31000219) and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2016A030313103) and was completed while the first author was a visiting associate professor at Cornell University. EJ was supported by the MARS project (Managing Aquatic ecosystems and water Resources under multiple Stress) funded under the 7th EU Framework Programme, Theme 6 (Environment including Climate Change), Contract No.: 603378 (http://www.mars-project.eu), and the Danish project CLEAR (a Villum Kann Rasmussen Centre of Excellence project).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiufeng Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yali Tang
    • 1
  • Erik Jeppesen
    • 3
    • 4
  • Zhengwen Liu
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Institute of HydrobiologyJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Cornell Biological Field Station, Department of Natural ResourcesCornell UniversityBridgeportUSA
  3. 3.Department of Bioscience & Arctic Research Centre (ARC)Aarhus UniversitySilkeborgDenmark
  4. 4.Sino-Danish Centre for Education and Research (SDC)The University of Chinese AcademyBeijingChina
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Institute of Geography and LimnologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina

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