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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 743, Issue 1, pp 65–74 | Cite as

Effects of fishery protection on biometry and genetic structure of two target sea cucumber species from the Mediterranean Sea

  • Mercedes González-WangüemertEmail author
  • Sara Valente
  • Mehmet Aydin
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

Sea cucumber fisheries are now occurring in most of the tropical areas of the world, having expanded from its origin in the central Indo-Pacific. Due to the overexploitation of these resources and the increasing demand from Asian countries, new target species from Mediterranean Sea and northeastern Atlantic Ocean are being caught. The fishery effects on biometry and genetic structure of two target species (Holothuria polii and H. tubulosa) from Turkey, were assessed. The heaviest and largest individuals of H. polii were found into the non-fishery area of Kusadasi, also showing the highest genetic diversity. Similar pattern was detected in H. tubulosa, but only the weight was significantly higher in the protected area. However, the observed differences on the fishery effects between species, could be explained considering the different percentage of catches (80% for H. polii and 20% for H. tubulosa).

Keywords

Fishery effects Holothurians Eastern Mediterranean Sea Marine protected areas 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by CUMFISH project (PTDC/MAR/119363/2010; http://www.ccmar.ualg.pt/cumfish/) funded by Fundacão para Ciência e Tecnologia (Portugal). M. González-Wangüemert was supported by a FCT postdoctoral fellowship (SFRH/BPD/70689/2010) and S. Valente by a FCT research fellow (CCMAR/BI/0023/2012). Special thanks to Silo Tarım company for their help during samplings, and Ozan Sen and Catarina Antunes for their collaboration on the lab work.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mercedes González-Wangüemert
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sara Valente
    • 1
  • Mehmet Aydin
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Ciências do Mar (CCMAR), CIMAR-Laboratório AssociadoUniversidade do AlgarveFaroPortugal
  2. 2.Faculty of Marine SciencesOrdu UniversityFatsaTurkey

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