Hydrobiologia

, Volume 730, Issue 1, pp 59–77 | Cite as

Microhabitat influence on chironomid community structure and stable isotope signatures in West Greenland lakes

  • Nina S. Reuss
  • Ladislav Hamerlík
  • Gaute Velle
  • Anders Michelsen
  • Ole Pedersen
  • Klaus P. Brodersen
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

Most functional feeding types are represented within the species rich group of aquatic chironomids. Thus, we hypothesized that different lake types and microhabitats within lakes would (1) host specific chironomid communities and (2) that the individual communities would show specific δ13C stable isotope signatures reflecting the prevailing origin of food source. To test our hypotheses, five lakes in southwest Greenland were investigated at a high taxonomic resolution and with detailed information on δ13C signature of the chironomids and of individual microhabitats (macrophytes, sediment, stones, and profundal). We found that there was a significant difference in δ13C between the chironomid assemblages of freshwater lakes and oligosaline lakes, while assemblages of the littoral microhabitats did not differ significantly. The δ13C of chironomids reflected the wide variety of habitat signals, particularly in the freshwater lakes. Our results indicate that many chironomid taxa are ubiquitous and are found in several microhabitats, suggesting that they can adjust their feeding strategy according to the habitat. The implication is that chironomid assemblage composition has only limited use as indicator of littoral microhabitats in the Arctic. On the other hand, the δ13C signature of fossil chironomids might have a potential as indicator of microhabitats in freshwater lakes.

Keywords

Arctic Lake types Habitats Stable δ13C isotopes Chironomidae 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nina S. Reuss
    • 1
  • Ladislav Hamerlík
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gaute Velle
    • 3
    • 4
  • Anders Michelsen
    • 5
    • 6
  • Ole Pedersen
    • 1
  • Klaus P. Brodersen
    • 1
  1. 1.Freshwater Biological Laboratory, Department of BiologyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Faculty of Natural SciencesMatthias Belius UniversityBanská BystricaSlovakia
  3. 3.Uni EnvironmentUni ResearchBergenNorway
  4. 4.Department of BiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  5. 5.Terrestrial Ecology Section, Department of BiologyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  6. 6.Center for PermafrostUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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