, Volume 730, Issue 1, pp 17–27 | Cite as

Population dynamics of the non-native freshwater gastropod, Cipangopaludina chinensis (Viviparidae): a capture-mark-recapture study

Primary Research Paper


Capture-mark-recapture (CMR) is commonly used in conservation biology, but rarely used to study non-native species in freshwater habitats. The power of CMR lies in the ability to go beyond simple density estimates and to quantify invasion dynamics and vital population parameters. I applied CMR to a population of the non-native Chinese mystery snail (Cipangopaludina chinensis, Viviparidae) in a 1.46 ha pond on Long Island, NY to estimate population size and survival probability in the waterbody and to uncover potential mechanisms for enormous differences in introduction success within and between waterbodies (observed densities range <1–40 individuals m−2). The C. chinensis population increased from approximately 150 to nearly 970 individuals from 2010 to 2012. Daily capture probabilities were low (<0.2) for snails of all sizes. Daily survival probabilities were size-dependent (almost 1.0 for snails larger than 30 mm shell length, and decreasing below that threshold), suggesting size-dependent mortality. This study highlights the ease of applying CMR to C. chinensis and its potential for other non-native species. Traditional survey methods such as density estimates with transects or quadrats cannot document increasing population sizes or size-specific mortality factors, which are essential for understanding introduction success and dynamics.


Introduced species Capture-mark-recapture Chinese mystery snail Population dynamics 

Supplementary material

10750_2014_1819_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (177 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 178 kb)
10750_2014_1819_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (268 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 268 kb)


  1. Branson, B. A., 1977. The Chinese apple snail, Cipangopaludina chinensis, on Orcas Island, Washington. The Nautilus 91: 76–77.Google Scholar
  2. Bouska, W. W. & C. P. Paukert, 2010. Effects of visible implant elastomer mark colour on the predation of red shiners by largemouth bass. Fisheries Management and Ecology 17: 294–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carpenter, S. R., E. H. Stanley & M. J. Vander Zanden, 2011. State of the world’s freshwater ecosystems: physical, chemical, and biological changes. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 36: 75–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carvalho, D. D., P. A. Collins & C. J. De Bonis, 2013. The mark-recapture method applied to population estimates of a freshwater crab on an alluvial plain. Marine and Freshwater Research 64: 317–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chaine, N. M., C. R. Allen, K. A. Fricke, D. M. Haak, M. L. Hellman, R. A. Kill, K. T. Nemec, K. L. Pope, N. A. Smeenk, B. J. Stephen, D. R. Uden, K. M. Unstad & A. E. VanderHam, 2012. Population estimate of Chinese mystery snail (Bellamya chinensis) in a Nebraska reservoir. BioInvasions Records 1: 283–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chao, A. & R. M. Huggins, 2005. Classical closed-population capture-recapture models. In Amstrup, S. C., T. L. McDonald & B. F. J. Manly (eds), Handbook of Capture-Recapture Analysis. Princeton University Press, Princeton: 22–36.Google Scholar
  7. Galatowitsch, S. M., N. O. Anderson & P. D. Ascher, 1999. Invasiveness in wetland plants in temperate North America. Wetlands 19: 733–755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gosselin, L. A. & P. Qian, 1997. Juvenile mortality in benthic marine invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series 146: 265–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gurevitch, J., G. A. Fox, G. M. Wardle, Inderjit & D. Taub, 2011. Emergent insights from the synthesis of conceptual frameworks for biological invasions. Ecology Letters 14: 407–418.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Henry, P. & P. Jarne, 2007. Marking hard-shelled gastropods: tag loss, impacts on life-history traits, and perspectives in biology. Invertebrate Biology 126: 138–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Huggins, R. M., 1989. On the statistical analysis of capture experiments. Biometrika 76: 133–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huggins, R. M., 1991. Some practical aspects of a conditional likelihood approach to capture experiments. Biometrics 47: 725–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Johnson, P. T. J., J. D. Olden, C. T. Solomon & M. J. Vander Zanden, 2009. Interactions among invaders: community and ecosystem effects of multiple invasive species in an experimental aquatic system. Oecologia 159: 161–170.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jokinen, E. H., 1982. Cipangopaludina chinensis (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) in North America, a review and update. The Nautilus 96: 89–95.Google Scholar
  15. Karatayev, A. Y., L. E. Burlakova & D. K. Padilla, 1998. Physical factors that limit the distribution and abundance of Dreissena polymorpha (Pall.). Journal of Shellfish Research 17: 1219–1235.Google Scholar
  16. Karatayev, A. Y., L. E. Burlakova, D. K. Padilla, S. E. Mastitsky & S. Olenin, 2009. Invaders are not a random selection of species. Biological Invasions 11: 2009–2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kolar, C. S. & D. M. Lodge, 2001. Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 16: 199–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lodge, D. M., M. W. Kershner, J. E. Aloi & A. P. Covich, 1994. Effects of an omnivorous crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) on a freshwater littoral food web. Ecology 75: 1265–1281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Manly, B. F. J., T. L. McDonald & S. C. Amstrup, 2005. Introduction to the handbook. In Amstrup, S. C., T. L. McDonald & B. F. J. Manly (eds), Handbook of Capture–Recapture Analysis. Princeton University Press, Princeton: 1–22.Google Scholar
  20. Mares, M. A., K. E. Streilein & M. R. Willig, 1981. Experimental assessment of several population estimation techniques on an introduced population of Eastern chipmunks. Journal of Mammalogy 62: 315–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Moran, A. L., 1999. Size and performance of juvenile marine invertebrates: potential contrasts between intertidal and subtidal benthic habitats. American Zoologist 39: 304–312.Google Scholar
  22. Nichols, J. D., 2005. Modern open-population capture–recapture models. In Amstrup, S. C., T. L. McDonald & B. F. J. Manly (eds), Handbook of Capture–Recapture Analysis. Princeton University Press, Princeton: 88–124.Google Scholar
  23. Olden, J. D., E. R. Larson & M. C. Mims, 2009. Home-field advantage: Native signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) out consume newly introduced crayfishes for invasive Chinese mystery snail (Bellamya chinensis). Aquatic Ecology 43: 1073–1084.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Osenberg, C. W. & G. G. Mittelbach, 1989. Effects of body size on the predator–prey interactions between pumpkinseed sunfish and gastropods. Ecological Monographs 59: 405–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Otis, D. L., K. P. Burham, G. C. White & D. R. Anderson, 1978. Statistical inference for capture data on closed animal populations. Wildlife Monographs 62: 3–135.Google Scholar
  26. Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin III, J. J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber-Sanwald, L. F. Huenneke, R. B. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D. M. Lodge, H. A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, N. L. Poff, M. T. Sykes, B. H. Walker, M. Walker & D. H. Wall, 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287: 1770–1774.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Smith, D. G., 2000. Notes on the taxonomy of introduced Bellamya (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) species in northeastern North America. The Nautilus 114: 31–37.Google Scholar
  28. Solomon, C. T., J. D. Olden, P. T. J. Johnson, R. T. Dillon Jr & M. J. Vander Zanden, 2009. Distribution and community-level effects of the Chinese mystery snail (Bellamya chinensis) in northern Wisconsin lakes. Biological Invasions 12: 1591–1605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stańczykowska, A., E. Magnin & A. Dumouchel, 1971. Etude de trois populations de Viviparus malleatus (Reeve) (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia) de la région de Montréal. I. Croissance, fécondité, biomasse et production annuelle. Canadian Journal of Zoology 49: 1431–1441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Stanley, T. R. & K. P. Burnham, 1999. A closure test for time-specific capture–recapture data. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 6: 197–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Stanley, T. R., & J. D. Richards, 2004. CloseTest: a program for testing capture–recapture data for closure [Software Manual]. US Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center.Google Scholar
  32. Therriault, T. W. & E. Kott, 2002–2003. Cipangopaludina chinensis Malleata (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) in Southern Ontario: an update on the distribution and some aspects of life history. Malacological Review 35(36): 111–121.Google Scholar
  33. Valentine-Darby, P. L., P. C. Darby, R. E. Bennetts, W. M. Kitchens & H. F. Percival, 2008. The use of mark-recapture to estimate Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa Say) density in wetland habitats. Florida Scientist 71: 115–127.Google Scholar
  34. White, G. C. & K. P. Burnham, 1999. Program MARK: survival estimation from populations of marked animals. Bird Study 46(Supplement): 120–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecology & EvolutionStony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA

Personalised recommendations