, Volume 700, Issue 1, pp 343–349 | Cite as

Fish-SPRICH: a database of freshwater fish species richness throughout the World

  • Sébastien BrosseEmail author
  • Olivier Beauchard
  • Simon Blanchet
  • Hans H. Dürr
  • Gaël Grenouillet
  • Bernard Hugueny
  • Christine Lauzeral
  • Fabien Leprieur
  • Pablo A. Tedesco
  • Sébastien Villéger
  • Thierry Oberdorff
Primary Research Paper


There is growing interest in large-scale approaches to ecology, for both plants and animals. In particular, macroecological studies enable examination of the patterns and determinants of species richness of a variety of groups of organism throughout the world, which might have important implications for prediction and mitigation of the consequences of global change. Here, we provide richness data for freshwater fishes, which, with more than 13,000 described species, comprise a quarter of all vertebrate species. We conducted an extensive literature survey of native, non-native (exotic), and endemic freshwater fish species richness. The resulting database, called Fish-SPRICH, contains data from more than 400 bibliographic sources including published papers, books, and grey literature sources. Fish-SPRICH contains richness values at the river basin grain for 1,054 river basins covering more than 80% of the earth’s continental surface. This database is currently the most comprehensive global database of native, non-native and endemic freshwater fish richness available at the river basin grain.


Global extent River drainage basin Fishes Native Non-native Endemic 



This work was supported by the National Agency for Research (ANR) Freshwater Fish Diversity (ANR-06-BDIV-010) and by the EU BioFresh Project (7th Framework European Program, Contract No. 226874). EDB is part of the “Laboratoire d’Excellence” (LABEX) entitled TULIP (ANR-10-LABX-41).

Supplementary material

10750_2012_1242_MOESM1_ESM.txt (257 kb)
ESM 1. Literature used to build up the Fish-SPRICH database (TXT 257 kb)
10750_2012_1242_MOESM2_ESM.txt (97 kb)
ESM 2. The Fish-SPRICH database (TXT 96 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sébastien Brosse
    • 1
    Email author
  • Olivier Beauchard
    • 2
  • Simon Blanchet
    • 3
  • Hans H. Dürr
    • 4
  • Gaël Grenouillet
    • 1
  • Bernard Hugueny
    • 6
  • Christine Lauzeral
    • 1
  • Fabien Leprieur
    • 5
  • Pablo A. Tedesco
    • 6
  • Sébastien Villéger
    • 1
  • Thierry Oberdorff
    • 6
  1. 1.Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité BiologiqueUMR 5174, Université Paul Sabatier – CNRS – ENFAToulouse Cedex 4France
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Ecosystem Management Research GroupUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpen (Wilrijk)Belgium
  3. 3.Station d’Ecologie Expérimentale du CNRS à MoulisMoulisFrance
  4. 4.Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of GeosciencesUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Laboratoire Ecologie des Systèmes Marins Côtiers, UMR 5119CNRS-IFREMER-UM2-IRD – Université Montpellier 2Montpellier Cedex 5France
  6. 6.UMR ‘‘BOREA’’ CNRS 7208/IRD 207/MNHN/UPMCDMPA, Museum National d’Histoire NaturelleParis CedexFrance

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