, 635:373

Genetic evidence for the recognition of two fiddler crabs, Uca iranica and U. albimana (Crustacea: Brachyura: Ocypodidae), from the northwestern Indian Ocean, with notes on the U. lactea species-complex

  • Hsi-Te Shih
  • Ehsan Kamrani
  • Peter J. F. Davie
  • Min-Yun Liu
Primary research paper


The status of two poorly known fiddler crabs, Uca iranica Pretzmann, 1971, from the Persian Gulf, and U. albimana (Kossmann, 1877), from the Red Sea, was studied using two mitochondrial genes: the large subunit (16S) ribosomal (r)RNA and cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI). A molecular phylogeny shows both U. iranica and U. albimana to be members of a monophyletic U. lactea species-complex containing six taxa, with three highly supported internal clades. Uca iranica and U. albimana are the closest genetically, but are different enough to be considered valid species (16S rRNA nucleotide divergence > 7.0%, and COI > 11.9%), and form a highly supported “western” clade with U. annulipes (in line with the original morphological concept). A West Pacific “eastern” clade includes U. lactea in the north and the more widely ranging U. perplexa. An Australian endemic species, U. mjoebergi, forms a third monotypic clade.


16S rRNA Cytochrome oxidase I Persian Gulf Red Sea Biogeography 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hsi-Te Shih
    • 1
  • Ehsan Kamrani
    • 2
  • Peter J. F. Davie
    • 3
  • Min-Yun Liu
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Life ScienceNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Marine Biology DepartmentHormozgan UniversityBandar AbbasIran
  3. 3.Queensland MuseumSouth BrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.Biological Oceanography DivisionTaiwan Ocean Research Institute, National Applied Research LaboratoriesTaipeiTaiwan

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