Challenges in merging fisheries research and management: the Upper Mississippi River experience
- 448 Downloads
The Upper Mississippi River System (UMRS) is a geographically diverse basin extending 10° north temperate latitude that has produced fishes for humans for millennia. During European colonization through the present, the UMRS has been modified to meet multiple demands such as navigation and flood control. Invasive species, notably the common carp, have dominated fisheries in both positive and negative ways. Through time, environmental decline plus reduced economic incentives have degraded opportunities for fishery production. A renewed focus on fisheries in the UMRS may be dawning. Commercial harvest and corresponding economic value of native and non-native species along the river corridor fluctuates but appears to be increasing. Recreational use will depend on access and societal perceptions of the river. Interactions (e.g., disease and invasive species transmission) among fish assemblages within the UMRS, the Great Lakes, and other lakes and rivers are rising. Data collection for fisheries has varied in intensity and contiguousness through time, although resources for research and management may be growing. As fisheries production likely relies on the interconnectivity of fish populations and associated ecosystem processes among river reaches (e.g., between the pooled and unpooled UMRS), species-level processes such as genetics, life-history interactions, and migratory behavior need to be placed in the context of broad ecosystem- and landscape-scale restoration. Formal communication among a diverse group of researchers, managers, and public stakeholders crossing geographic and disciplinary boundaries is necessary through peer-reviewed publications, moderated interactions, and the embrace of emerging information technologies.
KeywordsRiver fisheries Fish communities Fisheries restoration Spatial patterns Temporal trends Upper Mississippi River
Thanks to David Galat and Brent Knights for their thoughtful and thorough reviews.
- Adams, S. R., 2004. Fish community dynamics in off-channel habitats of the Mississippi River: patterns across space, time, and hydrologic gradients. PhD Dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL.Google Scholar
- Animal and Plant Inspection Service, 2006. Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia in the Great Lakes Region. US Department of Agriculture Industry Alert.Google Scholar
- Barko, V. A., B. S. Ickes, D. P. Herzog, R. A. Hrabik, J. H. Chick & M. A. Pegg, 2005. Spatial, Temporal, and Environmental Trends of Fish Assemblages Within Six Reaches of the Upper Mississippi River System. U.S. Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, LaCrosse, WI, February 2005. Technical Report LTRMP 2005-T002.Google Scholar
- Bergman, H. L., A. M. Boelter, K. Paraday, C. Fleming, T. Keevin, D. C. Latka, C. Korshgen, D. L. Galat, T. Hill. G. Jordan, S. Krentz, W. Nelson-Statsny, M. Olson, G. E. Metsl, K. Rouse & J. Berkley, 2008. Research needs and management strategies for pallid sturgeon recovery. Proceedings of a Workshop Held July 31–August 2, 2007, St. Louis, Missouri. Final Report to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. William D. Ruckelshaus Institute of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Wyoming, Laramie.Google Scholar
- Bertrand, B. A., 1997. Changes in the Mississippi River fishery along Illinois, 1976–1996. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 12: 585–597.Google Scholar
- Black, R., B. McKenney, A. O’Connor, E. Gray & R. Unsworth, 1999. Economic Profile of the Upper Mississippi River Region. Industrial Economics Incorporated, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
- Bodensteiner, L. R. & W. M. Lewis, 1992. Role of temperature, dissolved oxygen, and backwaters in the winter survival of freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunniens) in the Mississippi River. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49: 173–184.Google Scholar
- Bodensteiner, L. R. & W. M. Lewis, 1994. Downstream drift of fishes in the upper Mississippi River during winter. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 9: 45–56.Google Scholar
- Borgstrum, G., 1978. The contribution of freshwater fish to human food. In Gerking, S. D. (ed.), Ecology of Freshwater Fish Production. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY: 469–491.Google Scholar
- Braaten, P. J., D. B. Fuller, L. D. Holte, R. D. Lott, W. Viste, T. F. Brandt & R. G. Legare, 2008. Drift dynamics of larval pallid sturgeon and shovelnose sturgeon in a natural side channel of the upper Missouri River, Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28: 808–826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Carlander, H. B., 1954. History of Fish and Fishing on the Upper Mississippi River (UMR). Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee, Dubuque, IA.Google Scholar
- Conover, G., R. Simmonds & M. Whalen (eds), 2007. Management and Control Plan for Bighead, Black, Grass, and Silver Carps in the United States. Asian Carp Working Group, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Davinroy, R. D., 2006. Sedimentation in the Upper Mississippi River Basin. US Army Corps of Engineers Applied River Engineering Center, St. Louis District.Google Scholar
- Delong, M. D., 2005. Upper Mississippi River basin. In Benke, A. C. & C. E. Cushing (eds), Rivers of North America. Elsevier Academic Press, New York: 327–373.Google Scholar
- Delong, M. D., this volume. Food webs and the upper Mississippi River: contributions to our understanding of ecosystem function in large rivers. doi: 10.1007/s10750-009-0065-6.
- DeVries, D. R., E. A. Marschall & R. A. Stein, 2009. Exploring the peer review process: what is it, does it work, and can it be improved? Fisheries 34: 270–279.Google Scholar
- Federal Register, 2009. Proposed Rule to List the Shovelnose Sturgeon as Threatened Due to Similarity of Appearance, 54 Fed. Reg. 48215-48220 (September 1, 2009) (to be codified at 50 CFR Part 17).Google Scholar
- Food and Agriculture Organization, 2007. The state of the world fisheries and aquaculture 2006. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, RomeGoogle Scholar
- Fremling, C. R., 2005. Immortal River: The Upper Mississippi River in Ancient and Modern Times. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI.Google Scholar
- Friedlander, A. & R. S. Bessette, 2003. The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review. National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Arlington, VA, Report NSF 03-323. http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf03323/start.htm.
- Garvey, J. E., B. D. Dugger, M. R. Whiles, S. R. Adams, M. B. Flinn, B. M. Burr & R. J. Sheehan, 2003. Responses of Fish, Waterbirds, Invertebrates, Vegetation, and Water Quality to Environmental Pool Management: Mississippi River Pool 25. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: 181 pages.Google Scholar
- Gutreuter, S., R. Burkhardt & K. Lubinski, 1995. Long Term Resource Monitoring Program Procedures: Fish Monitoring. National Biological Service, Environmental Management Technical Center, Onalaska, WI, July 1995. LTRMP 95-P002-1: 42 pp. + Appendixes A–J.Google Scholar
- Havlick, M. E. & J. S. Sauer, 2006. Native Freshwater Mussels of the Upper Mississippi River System. Project Status Report, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, La Crosse, WI.Google Scholar
- Heitmeyer, M. E., 2008. An Evaluation of Ecosystem Restoration Options for the Middle Mississippi River Regional Corridor. US Army Corps of Engineers, St. Louis District, Report 08-02.Google Scholar
- Heitmeyer, M. E. & K. Westphall, 2007. An Evaluation of Ecosystem Restoration and Management Options for the Calhoun and Gilbert Lake Divisions of Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge. US Army Corps of Engineers, St. Louis District.Google Scholar
- Ickes, B. S., M. C. Bowler, A. D. Bartels, D. J. Kirby, S. DeLain, J. H. Chick, V. A. Barko, K. S. Irons & M. A. Pegg, 2005. Multiyear Synthesis of the Fish Component from 1993 to 2002 for the Long Term Resource Monitoring Program. U.S. Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, La Crosse, WI. LTRMP 2005 T005: 60 pp. + Appendixes A–E.Google Scholar
- Irons, K. S., G. G. Sass, M. A. McClelland & J. D. Stafford, 2007. Reduced condition factor of two native fish species coincident with invasion of non-native Asian carps in the Illinois River, USA – is this evidence for competition and reduced fitness? Journal of Fish Biology 71: 258–273.Google Scholar
- Janvrin, J. A., 2005. A comparison of the pre- and post-impoundment fish assemblage of the Upper Mississippi River (Pools 4–13) with an emphasis on centrarchids. American Fisheries Society Symposium 45: 323–343.Google Scholar
- Junk, W. J., 1999. The flood pulse concept of large rivers: learning from the tropics. Archiv Fur Hydrobiologie 115: 261–280.Google Scholar
- Kates, R. W., W. Clark, R. Corell, J. Hall, C. Jaeger, I. Lowe, J. McCarthy, H. Schellnhuber, B. Bolin, N. Dickson, S. Faucheux, G. Gallopin, A. Grubler, B. Huntley, J. Jager, N. Jodha, R. Kasperson, A. Mabogunje, R. Matson, H. Mooney, B. Moore, T. O’Riordan & U. Svedin, 2001. Environment and development: sustainability science. Science 292: 641–642.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kittrell, F. W., 1958. Pollution of Interstate Waters of the Mississippi River in the St. Louis Metropolitan Area. PB-216 902. Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, Cincinnati, OH.Google Scholar
- Kolar, C. S., D. C. Chapman, J. W. R. Courtenay, C. M. Housel, J. D. Williams & D. P. Jennings, 2007. Bigheaded Carps: A Biological Synopsis and Environmental Risk Assessment, Vol. 33. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, Bethesda, MD.Google Scholar
- National Atmospheric Deposition Program, 2005. Monitoring Mercury Deposition: A Key Tool to Understanding the Link Between Emissions and Effects. Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL.Google Scholar
- Nielsen, L. A., 1999. History of inland fisheries management in North America. In Kohler, C. C. & W. A. Hubert (eds), Inland Fisheries Management in North America, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD: 3–30.Google Scholar
- O’Hara, T. M., M. A. McClelland, K. S. Irons, T. R. Cook & G. G. Sass, 2008. Effect of a Recently Completed Habitat Rehabilitation and Enhancement Project on Fish Abundances in La Grange Pool of the Illinois River Using Long Term Resource Monitoring Program Data. U.S. Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, LaCrosse, WI. LTRMP Technical Report, 2008-T001.Google Scholar
- Pegg, M. A. & J. H. Chick, 2002. Aquatic Nuisance Species: An Evaluation of Barriers for Preventing the Spread of Bighead and Silver Carp to the Great Lakes. Final Report, Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant (A/SE (ANS)-01-01).Google Scholar
- Policansky, D., 2002. Catch-and-release recreational fishing: a historical perspective. In Pitcher, T. J. & C. E. Hollinsworth (eds), Recreational Fisheries: Ecological, Economic, and Social Evaluation. Blackwell Science Limited, NJ: 74–94.Google Scholar
- Schramm, H. L. Jr., 2004. Status and management of Mississippi River fisheries. In Welcomme, R. L. & T. Petr (eds), Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on the Management of Large Rivers for Fisheries. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.Google Scholar
- Schrey, A., R. Colombo, J. Garvey & E. Heist, 2009. Stock structure of shovelnose sturgeon analyzed with microsatellite DNA and morphological characters. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01330.x.
- Sheehan, R. J. & J. L. Rasmussen, 1999. Large rivers. In Kohler, C. C. & W. A. Hubert (eds), Inland Fisheries Management in North America, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD: 529–560.Google Scholar
- Sheehan, R. J., W. M. Lewis & L. R. Bodensteiner, 1990. Winter Habitat Requirements and Overwintering of Riverine Fishes. Final Report, Federal Aid in Sportfish Restoration Program, F-79-R.Google Scholar
- Sheehan, R. J., P. S. Wills, M. A. Schmidt & J. E. Hennessy, 2004. Determinations of the Fate of Fish Displaced from Low-Velocity Habitats at Low Temperatures. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Districts, Rock Island, St. Louis, and St. Paul. ENV 32.Google Scholar
- Theiling, C. H. & J. M. Nestler, this volume. River stage response to alteration of upper Mississippi River channels, floodplains, and watersheds. doi: 10.1007/s10750-009-0066-5.
- Turvey, S. T., R. L. Pitman, B. L. Taylor, J. Barlow, T. Akamatsu, L. A. Barrett, X. J. Zhao, R. R. Reeves, B. S. Stewart, K. X. Wang, Z. Wei, X. F. Zhang, L. T. Pusser, M. Richlen, J. R. Brandon & D. Wang, 2007. First human-caused extinction of a cetacean species? Biology Letters 3: 537–540.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- United States Army Corps of Engineers, 2008. Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal Fish Barrier System. http://www.lrc.usace.army.mil/projects/fish_barrier/.
- United States Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2009. 2007 Census of Agriculture: Statistics and Summary Data.Google Scholar
- Upper Mississippi River Basin Association, 2005. Upper Mississippi River Fish Consumption Advisories: State Approaches to Issuing and Using Fish Consumption Advisories on the Upper Mississippi River. St. Paul, MN, USA.Google Scholar
- U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service & U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2006. National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation.Google Scholar
- U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. Department of Education, 2008. The Shortage in the Number of Individuals with Post-Baccalaureate Degrees in Subjects Related to Fishery Science. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-91: 84 pp.Google Scholar
- Wiener, J. G. & M. B. Sanheinrich, this volume. Contaminants in the upper Mississippi River: historic trends, present status, and emerging concerns. doi: 10.1007/s10750-009-0064-7.
- Wilcox, D. B., E. L. Stefanik, D. E. Kelner, M. A. Cornish, D. J. Johnson, I. J. Hodgins, S. J. Zigler & B. L. Johnson, 2004. Improving Fish Passage Through Navigation Dams on the Upper Mississippi River System. Upper Mississippi River-Illinois Waterway System Navigation Study ENV 54.Google Scholar
- Xie, S., Z. Li, J. Liu, H. Wang & B. R. Murphy, 2007. Fisheries of the Yangtze River show immediate impacts of the Three Gorges Dam. Fisheries 32: 343–344.Google Scholar