Hydrobiologia

, 624:61

Phylogeny of the genus Hesperodiaptomus (Copepoda) based on nucleotide sequence data of the nuclear ribosomal gene

  • Malgorzata A. Marszalek
  • Selvadurai Dayanandan
  • Edward J. Maly
Primary research paper

Abstract

The genus Hesperodiaptomus Light, 1938, one of the most diverse groups of freshwater copepods that occur in North and Central America, plays a major role in the food webs of the alpine freshwater communities. Phylogenetic relationships of these taxa remain poorly understood due to difficulties in obtaining reliable morphological characters for phylogenetic analyses. To understand the phylogenetic relationships within this group, we reconstructed a partial phylogeny of the genus Hesperodiaptomus based on nuclear ribosomal gene sequences. Phylogenetic analyses based upon the taxa examined supported the monophyly the genus and revealed two clades. The eiseni clade comprised species that are morphologically similar to Hesperodiaptomus eiseni (Lilljeborg, 1889), and the shoshone clade included species morphologically similar to Hesperodiaptomus shoshone (S.A. Forbes, 1882). The two groups can be distinguished by a modification of the right basis, the arrangement of spinules on the distal pad of the second exopod, and the degree of presence the inner lamellar expansion of the right coxa.

Keywords

Arthropoda Crustacea Diaptomid copepods Hesperodiaptomus Molecular phylogeny rDNA gene 

References

  1. Anderson, R. S., 1967. Diaptomid copepods from two mountain ponds in Alberta. Canadian Journal of Zoology 45: 1043–1051.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, R. S., 1971. Crustacean plankton of 146 alpine and subalpine lakes and ponds in Western Canada. Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada 28: 311–321.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, R. S., 1980. Relationships between trout and invertebrate species as predators and the structure of the crustacean and rotiferan plankton in mountain lakes. In Kerfoot, W. C. (ed.), Evolution and Ecology of Zooplankton Communities. University Press of New England, Hanover: 635–641.Google Scholar
  4. Beccerra, J. & D. L. Venable, 1999. Nuclear ribosomal DNA phylogeny and its implications for evolutionary trends in the Mexican Bursera. American Journal of Botany 86: 1047–1057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boileau, M. G. 1989. Biochemical Genetic Variation in the Freshwater Copepoda: Evolutionary Consequences of Passive Dispersal in Freshwater Zooplankton. PhD Thesis, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario: 167 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Boileau, M. G., 1991. A genetic determination of cryptic species (Copepoda: Calanoida) and their postglacial biogeography in North America. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 102: 375–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Borutskii, E. V., L. A. Stepanova & M. S. Kos, 1991. Revision of the Calanoida of Freshwaters of the USSR (in Russian; abstract in English). Zoological Institute, USSR Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg.Google Scholar
  8. Braga, E., R. Zardoya, A. Meyer & J. Yen, 1999. Mitochondrial and nuclear rRNA based copepod phylogeny with emphasis on the Euchaetidae (Calanoida). Marine Biology 133: 79–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bucklin, A., 2000. Methods for population genetic analysis of zooplankton. Chapter 11. In Harris, R., P. Wiebe, J. Lenz, H. Skjoldal & M. Huntley (eds), The Zooplankton Methodology Manual, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Academic Press, London: 533–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bucklin, A., M. Guarnieri, R. S. Hill, A. M. Bentley & S. Kaartvedt, 1999. Taxonomic and systematic assessment of planktonic copepods using mitochondrial COI sequence variation and competitive, species-specific PCR. Hydrobiologia 401: 239–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carl, G. C., 1940. The distribution of some Cladocera and free-living Copepoda in British Columbia. Ecological Monographs 10: 55–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dussart, B. H. & D. Defaye. 2001. Introduction to the Copepoda, 2nd ed. Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden: 344 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Granados-Ramírez, J. G. & E. Suárez-Morales, 2003. A new Hesperodiaptomus Light (Copepoda, Calanoida, Diaptomidae) from Mexico with comments on the distribution of the genus. Journal of Plankton Research 25: 1383–1395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hillis, D. M. & J. P. Huelsenbeck, 1992. Signal, noise, and reliability in molecular phylogenetic analyses. Journal of Heredity 83: 189–195.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Huelsenbeck, J. P., 1991. Tree-length distribution skewness: An indicator of phylogenetic information. Systematic Zoology 40: 257–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Huys, R. & G. A. Boxshall, 1991. Copepod Evolution. The Ray Society, London: 468 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Kincaid, T., 1953. A Contribution to the Taxonomy and Distribution of the American Freshwater Calanoid Crustacea. The Calliostoma Company, Seattle: 73 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Lee, C. E. & B. Frost, 2002. Morphological stasis in the Eurytemora affinis species complex (Copepoda: Temoridae). Hydrobiologia 480: 111–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Light, S. F., 1939. New American subgenera of Diaptomus Westwood (Copepoda, Calanoida). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 58: 437–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Maddison, W. P. & D. R. Maddison, 1992. MacClade version 3: Analysis of phylogeny and character evolution. Sinauer Associates, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  21. Marsh, C. D., 1907. A revision of the North American species of Diaptomus. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 15: 381–516.Google Scholar
  22. Marsh, C. D. 1920. Freshwater Copepoda. Report of the Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913–1918. Ottawa 7: 1–25.Google Scholar
  23. Marsh, C. D. 1929. Distribution and key to North American copepods of the genus Diaptomus with the description of a new species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 75: 1–27.Google Scholar
  24. Paul, A. J., P. R. Leavitt, D. W. Schindler & A. K. Hardie, 1995. Direct and indirect effects of predation by a calanoid copepod (subgenus: Hesperodiaptomus) and nutrients in a fishless alpine lake. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 52: 2628–2638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Posada, D. & K. A. Crandall, 1998. Modeltest: Testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14: 818–917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Reed, E. B. 1959. The Distribution and Ecology of Freshwater Entomostraca in Arctic and Subarctic North America. PhD Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: 142 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Sandercock, G. A. & G. G. E. Scudder. 1996. Key to the Species of Freshwater Calanoid Copepods of British Columbia. Resources Inventory Committee Publications, British Columbia. http://srmwww.gov.bc.ca/risc/pubs/aquatic/calanoid/.
  28. Scanlin, M. & J. W. Reid. 1996. A new copepod species from California, USA: Hesperodiaptomus californiensis (Crustacea: Copepoda: Calanoida: Diaptomidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 109: 103–111.Google Scholar
  29. Schacht, F. W., 1897. The North American species of Diaptomus. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 5: 97–207.Google Scholar
  30. Staden, R., 1996. The Staden sequence analysis package. Molecular Biotechnology 5: 233–241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Stoddard, J. L., 1987. Microcrustacean communities of high-elevation lakes in the Sierra Nevada, California. Journal of Plankton Research 9: 631–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Streletskaya, E. Y., 1983. The “eiseni” group of the genus Hesperodiaptomus (Copepoda:Calanoida) and a new species H. koolensis from the Chukot Peninsula. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 62: 1474–1480.Google Scholar
  33. Swofford, D. L. 2001. PAUP* 4.0—Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods). Sinauer Assoc., Sunderland, MA.Google Scholar
  34. Thompson, J. D., T. J. Gibson, F. Plewniak, F. Jeanmougin & D. G. Higgins, 1997. The CLUSTAL_X windows interface: Flexible strategies for multiple-sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Research 27: 2682–2690.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Thum, R. A., 2004. Using 18S rDNA to resolve diaptomid copepod (Copepoda: Calanoida: Diaptomidae) phylogeny: An example with the North American genera. Hydrobiologia 519: 135–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Thum, R. A. & A. M. Derry, 2008. Taxonomic implications for diaptomid copepods based on contrasting patterns of mitochondrial DNA sequence divergences in four morphospecies. Hydrobiologia 614: 197–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Williamson, C. E. & J. W. Reid, 2001. Copepoda. In Thorp, J. H. & A. P. Covich (eds), Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. Academic Press, New York: 915–954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wilson, M. S., 1953. New and inadequately known North American species of the copepod genus Diaptomus. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 122: 1–30.Google Scholar
  39. Wilson, M. S., 1958. New records and species of calanoid copepods from Saskatchewan and Louisiana. Canadian Journal of Zoology 36: 489–497.Google Scholar
  40. Wilson, M. M. & H. C. Yeatman, 1959. Free-living Copepoda. In Edmonson, W. T. & H. B. Ward (eds), Ward’s and Whipple’s Freshwater Biology. Wiley, New York: 735–794.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malgorzata A. Marszalek
    • 1
    • 2
  • Selvadurai Dayanandan
    • 2
  • Edward J. Maly
    • 2
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentChamplain College Saint-LambertSaint-LambertQCCanada
  2. 2.Biology DepartmentConcordia UniversityMontrealQCCanada

Personalised recommendations