The potential importance of podocysts to the formation of scyphozoan blooms: a review
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- Arai, M.N. Hydrobiologia (2009) 616: 241. doi:10.1007/s10750-008-9588-5
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Podocysts are cysts with stored reserves of organic compounds produced beneath the pedal discs of polyps of scyphozoans in the orders Rhizostomae (suborder Dactyliophorae) and Semaeostomae. They excyst small polyps that develop into fully active polyps (scyphistomae) capable of further podocyst production and of medusa production by strobilation. They contribute to increasing the number of polyps and also to survival through seasonal periods of reduced food availability or predation. These attributes may help support scyphozoan blooms, but as yet there are few quantitative data.