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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 599, Issue 1, pp 221–226 | Cite as

Implications of flexibility in European Community environmental law: exemptions from environmental objectives in the Water Framework Directive

  • Elisabeth GrönlundEmail author
  • Tapio Määttä
ELLS 2007

Abstract

The present article is a brief review of the legal characteristics of water quality objectives and legally permissible exemptions from these objectives, as enacted in the EC Water Framework Directive. Six different types of exemptions have been identified in total. These vary markedly in the legal premises of their feasibility, ranging from the set deadlines for the environmental objectives to application of less stringent environmental objectives for certain water bodies.

Keywords

Water Framework Directive Environmental objectives Environmental law 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecological Research InstituteUniversity of JoensuuJoensuuFinland
  2. 2.Department of LawUniversity of JoensuuJoensuuFinland

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