Hydrobiologia

, 595:607 | Cite as

Global diversity of mammals (Mammalia) in freshwater

  • Geraldine Veron
  • Bruce D. Patterson
  • Randall Reeves
FRESHWATER ANIMAL DIVERSITY ASSESSMENT

Abstract

Species that are dependant on, or adapted to, freshwater environments are found in almost all mammalian orders, and two orders, the Cetacea and the Sirenia, are strictly aquatic and include some freshwater-dependant species. Overall, the aquatic and freshwater-dependant species represent around 70 of the more than 1,200 living or recent genera of mammals, and occur in all continents except Antarctica. They include some of the most endangered species of mammals, and several have gone extinct or become critically endangered in recent decades. One of the main threats is habitat loss or degradation. This chapter provides an overview of the freshwater species within each order of mammals, their evolutionary history, their relations to humans and their conservation status.

Keywords

Mammalia Freshwater Diversity Conservation 

Supplementary material

10750_2007_9122_MOESM1_ESM.doc (32 kb)
ESM1 (DOC 32.0 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geraldine Veron
    • 1
  • Bruce D. Patterson
    • 2
  • Randall Reeves
    • 3
  1. 1.Département Systématique et Evolution, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, CP 51, USM 601-UMR CNRS 5202Origine, Structure et Evolution de la BiodiversitéParis Cedex 05France
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyField Museum of Natural HistoryChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Okapi Wildlife AssociatesHudsonCanada

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