, Volume 595, Issue 1, pp 599–605 | Cite as

Global diversity of snakes (Serpentes; Reptilia) in freshwater

  • Olivier S. G. Pauwels
  • Van Wallach
  • Patrick David


A list of the snake species inhabiting freshwaters is provided. It includes 153 species, which represents about 5% of all known snakes. These freshwater snakes belong to 44 genera distributed among the families Acrochordidae, Boidae, Colubridae, Elapidae, Homalopsidae and Viperidae. The highest diversities in freshwater snakes are found in the Oriental (64 species) and Neotropical (39 species) Regions. Conservation actions are needed for several overcollected species with a limited distribution.


Snakes Serpentes Freshwater Biodiversity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier S. G. Pauwels
    • 1
    • 2
  • Van Wallach
    • 3
  • Patrick David
    • 4
  1. 1.Monitoring and Assessment of Biodiversity ProgramNational Zoological Park, Smithsonian InstitutionGambaGabon
  2. 2.Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de BelgiqueBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Museum of Comparative ZoologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  4. 4.Département Systématique et Evolution, USM 602 Taxonomie-collection—Reptiles & Amphibiens, Case postale 30Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParis Cedex 05France

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