Hydrobiologia

, Volume 595, Issue 1, pp 219–224 | Cite as

Global diversity of spelaeogriphaceans & thermosbaenaceans (Crustacea; Spelaeogriphacea & Thermosbaenacea) in freshwater

Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment

Abstract

Spelaeogriphaceans and thermosbaenaceans are two orders of eyeless, unpigmented peracarid crustaceans represented by very few species from subterranean waters. Spelaeogriphaceans occur only in continental waters, either running or still, in limestone or sandstone caves, or in calcrete aquifers. The four species known are limnic except one occurring in slightly brackish water loosely associated with an endorheic basin. The Thermosbaenacea are primarily marine, with only 18 species recorded in limnic conditions or in brackish inland waters whose salinity does not derive from dilution of seawater. They occur in limestone caves, the interstitial medium associated to alluvial deposits, or in thermo-mineral springs. Spelaeogriphaceans are found on the southern continents, in ancient cratons not affected by sea transgressions at least since the Early Cretaceous, when Gondwana started to break-up. The former integration of these terranes into Gondwana suggests that the penetration of spelaeogriphaceans in continental waters took place previous to the fragmentation of this super continent (starting ca. 140 Ma), and that their current distribution pattern was driven by continental drift. The distribution of the Thermosbaenacea matches precisely the area covered by the ancient Tethys Sea or its coastlines. They are most probably relicts of a once widespread shallow-water marine Tethyan fauna stranded in interstitial or crevicular groundwater during marine regressions.

Keywords

Freshwater Global assessment Species richness Peracarida Crustacea 

Supplementary material

10750_2007_9017_MOESM2_ESM.doc (20 kb)
(DOC 19.5 kb)
10750_2007_9017_MOESM3_ESM.tif (205 kb)
(TIF 205 kb)
10750_2007_9017_MOESM4_ESM.tif (205 kb)
(TIF 204 kb)

References

  1. Boutin, C. & P. Cals, 1985. Importance en biogeography évolutive de la découverte d’un Crustacé phréatobie, Monodella atlantomaroccana n. sp. (Thermosbaenacea) dans la plaine alluviale de Marrakech (Maroc atlantique). Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris 300 (III, 7): 267–270.Google Scholar
  2. Cals, P. & C. Boutin, 1985. Découverte au Cambodge, domaine ancien de la Téthys orientale, d'un nouveau <<fossile vivant>> Theosbaena cambodjiana n.g., n.sp. (Crustacea, Thermosbaenacea). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, (3) 300(8): 337–340.Google Scholar
  3. Fryer, G., 1964. Studies on the functional morphology and feeding mechanism of Monodella argentarii Stella (Crustacea: Thermosbaenacea). Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 66: 49–90.Google Scholar
  4. Gordon, I., 1957. On Spelaeogriphus, a new cavernicolous crustacean from South Africa. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), (Zoology) 5: 31–47.Google Scholar
  5. Gordon, I., 1960. On a Stygiomysis from the West Indies, with a note on Spelaeogriphus (Crustacea, Peracarida). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), (Zoology) 6: 285–326.Google Scholar
  6. Pires, A. M. S., 1987. Potiicoara brasiliensis: a new genus and species of Spelaeogriphacea (Crustacea: Peracarida) from Brazil, with a phylogenetic analysis of the Peracarida. Journal of Natural History 21: 225–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Poore, G. C. B. & W. F. Humphreys, 1998. First record of Spelaeogriphacea from Australasia: a new genus and species from an aquifer in the arid Pilbara of Western Australia. Crustaceana 71: 721–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Poore, G. C. B. & W. F. Humphreys, 2003. Second species of Mangkurtu (Spelaeogriphacea) from north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 22: 67–74.Google Scholar
  9. Richter, S. & G. Scholtz, 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of the Malacostraca (Crustacea). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 39: 113–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Schram, F. R., 1974. Paleozoic Peracarida of North America. Fieldiana Geology 33: 95–124.Google Scholar
  11. Shen, Y.-B., F. R. Schram & R. S. Taylor, 1999. Liaoningogriphus quadripartitus (Malacostraca: Spelaeogriphacea) from the Jehol Biota and notes on its paleoecology. Palaeoworld 11: 175–187 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  12. Shen, Y. -B., R. S. Taylor & F. R. Schram, 1998. A new spelaeogriphacean (Crustacea: Peracarida) from the Upper Jurassic of China. Contributions to Zoology 68: 19–35.Google Scholar
  13. Wagner, H. P., 1994. A monographic review of the Thermosbaenacea (Crustacea: Peracarida). Zoologische Verhandelingen 291: 1–338.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios AvanzadosEsporlesSpain

Personalised recommendations