Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 589, Issue 1, pp 107–116 | Cite as

Initial development of a multi-metric index based on aquatic macroinvertebrates to assess streams condition in the Upper Isiboro-Sécure Basin, Bolivian Amazon

  • Nabor MoyaEmail author
  • Sylvie Tomanova
  • Thierry Oberdorff
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

We developed a preliminary macroinvertebrate-based multi-metric index to assess streams biotic condition in the Upper Isiboro-Sécure basin (Bolivia). To do so we used eight local habitat descriptors and twelve metrics describing the structure and function of macroinvertebrate assemblages from 38 reference and 29 disturbed sites. Stepwise multiple linear regression procedures were first applied using the reference data to elaborate models describing metrics response to natural environmental in the absence of any significant disturbance. In a second step we used residuals distribution of each of the twelve models to select the most effective metrics in discriminating between reference and disturbed sites. These metrics were: number of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera taxa (EPT), abundance of EPT, relative abundance of EPT, abundance of Chironomidae and relative abundance of Chironomidae. Finally, after converting residual values of these 5 remaining metrics into probabilities, we added values to obtain a final index score and interpreted this score as excellent, good, moderate, poor or very poor. Our final multi-metric index distinguished well between natural and human-induced variation in biological condition and showed a significant negative response to a gradient of disturbances. This type of approach could be used in the near future to develop a nation wide index by increasing regional-scale monitoring.

Keywords

Bioassessment Benthic invertebrates Neotropical streams Anthropogenic disturbance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (UR-IRD 131), the Unidad de Limnología y Recursos Acuáticos (ULRA/UMSS) and the Laboratory of Running Waters Biology of Masaryk University (MSM 002162241). We are grateful to Rémy Bigorne, José Zubieta, Jimena Camacho, Ariel Céspedes, Marc Pouilly, Pablo Tedesco and Carla Ibáñez for field assistance and to Mabel Maldonado and Edgar Goitia for useful comments on the manuscript.

Supplementary material

References

  1. Barbour, M. T., J. Gerritsen, G. E. Griffith, R. Frydenborg, E. McCarron, J. S. White & M. L. Bastian, 1996. A framework for biological criteria for Florida streams using benthic macroinvertebrates. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 15: 185–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bonada, N., N. Prat, V. H. Resh & B. Statzner, 2006. Developments in aquatic insect biomonitoring: a comparative analysis of recent approaches. Annual Review of Entomology 51: 495–523.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bryce, S. A., R. M. Hugues & P. R. Kaufmann, 2002. Development of a bird integrity index: using birds assemblages as indicators of riparian condition. Environmental Management 30: 294–310.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Butcher, T. J., P. M. Stuwart & T. P. Simon, 2003. A benthic community index for streams in the Northern Lakes and Forests Ecoregion. Ecological Indicators 3: 181–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. DeShon, J. E., 1995. Development and application of the invertebrate community index (ICI). In Davis, W. S. & T. P. Simon (eds), Biological Assessment and Criteria: Tools for Water Resource Planning and Decision Making. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 217–243.Google Scholar
  6. Dudgeon, D., A. H. Arthington, M. O. Gessner, Z. I. Kawabata, D. J. Knowler, C. Lévêque, R. J. Naiman, A. H. Prieur-Richard, D. Soto, M. J. Stiassny & C. A. Sullivan, 2005. Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological Reviews 81: 163–182.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fenoglio, S., G. Badino & F. Bona, 2002. Benthic macroinvertebrate communities as indicators of river environment quality: an experience in Nicaragua. Revista de Biología Tropical 50: 1125–1131.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Fernández, H. R. & E. Domínguez, 2001. Guía para la determinación de artrópodos sudamericanos. Editorial Universitaria de Tucumán, Argentina.Google Scholar
  9. Fernández, H. R., F. Romero, M. Peralta & L. Grosso, 2001. La diversidad del zoobentos en ríos de montaña del noroeste de Argentina: comparación entre seis ríos. Ecología Austral 11: 9–16.Google Scholar
  10. Figueroa, R., C. Valdovinos, E. Araya & O. Parra, 2003. Macroinvertebrados bentónicos como indicadores de calidad de agua de ríos del sur de Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 76: 275–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gibson, G. R., M. T. Barbour, J. B. Stribling, J. Gerritsen & J. R. Karr, 1996. Biological Criteria: Technical Guidance for Stream and Small Rivers. EPA 822-B-96-001. US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington, DC, USA.Google Scholar
  12. Goitia, E. & M. Maldonado, 1992. Evaluación de la calidad del agua del Río Rocha mediante organismos bentónicos. In Ricaldi, C. F. & L. Anaya (eds), Los Recursos Hídricos en Bolivia y su dimensión ambiental. AGID Geoscience Series no. 20: 191–196.Google Scholar
  13. Hamel, C. & P. Van Damme, 1999. Acidificación de ríos por contaminación con metales pesados en la zona altoandina boliviana: indicadores bentónicos. Revista Boliviana de Ecología y Conservación Ambiental 6: 191–201.Google Scholar
  14. Heino, J., T. Muotka & R. Paavola, 2003. Determinants of macroinvertebrate diversity in headwater streams: regional and local influences. Journal of Animal Ecology 72: 425–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hill, B. H., A. T. Herlihy, P. R. Kaufmann, R. J. Stevenson, F. H. McCormick & C. B. Johnson, 2000. Use of periphyton assemblage data as an index of biotic integrity. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 19: 50–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hughes, R. M. & T. Oberdorff, 1999. Applications of IBI concepts and metrics to water outside the United States and Canada. In Simon, T. P. (ed.), Assessing Sustainability and Biological Integrity of Water Resources using Fish Communities. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 79–83.Google Scholar
  17. Jacobsen, D., 1998. The effect of organic pollution on the macroinvertebrate fauna of Ecuadorian highland streams. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 143: 179–195.Google Scholar
  18. Karr, J. R, 1981. Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities. Fisheries 6: 21–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Karr, J. R. & E. W. Chu, 1999. Restoring Life in Running Waters: Better Biological Monitoring. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.Google Scholar
  20. Karr, J. R. & E. W. Chu, 2000. Sustaining living rivers. Hydrobiologia 422/423: 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Klemm, D. J., K. A. Blocksom, F. A. Fulk, A. T. Herlihy, R. M. Hughes, P. R. Kaufmann, D. V. Peck, J. L. Stoddard, W. T. Thoeny, M. B. Griffith & W. S. Davis, 2003. Development and evaluation of a macroinvertebrate biotic index (MBII) for regionally assessing mid-Atlantic Highlands streams. Environmental Management 31: 656–669.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Maldonado, F., P. Van Damme, J. Rojas, R. Sanabria, C. Creemens & C. Vande Casteele, 2000. El impacto de la contaminación por hidrocarburos sobre la calidad del agua y los macroinvertebrados bentónicos del Río Hondo (Carrasco, Cochabamba, Bolivia). Revista Boliviana de Ecología y Conservación Ambiental 7: 93–114.Google Scholar
  23. Malmqvist, B. & S. Rundle, 2002. Threats to running water ecosystems of the world. Environmental Conservation 29: 134–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Marques, M. M. & F. Barbosa, 2001. Biological quality of waters from an impacted tropical watershed (middle Rio Doce basin, southeast Brazil), using benthic macroinvertebrate communities as an indicator. Hydrobiologia 457: 69–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Merrit, R. & K. Cummins, 1996. An introduction of the aquatic insects of North America, 2nd edn. Kendall & Hunt Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  26. Metcalfe, J. L., 1994. Biological water-quality assessment of rivers: use of macroinvertebrate communities. In Peter, C. & E. P. Jeoffrey (eds), The River Handbook: Hydrological and Ecological Principles. Blackwell Scientific Publications press, Oxford, 145–170.Google Scholar
  27. Moya, N., 2006. Indice multimétrico de integridad biótica para la cuenca del Río Chipririri, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Master Thesis, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia, 45 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Moya, N., T. Oberdorff, R. Bigorne, J. P. Zubieta & J. Camacho, 2006. Comunidad de macroinvertebrados en la cuenca del Rio Chipiriri con condiciones de referencia y alteradas: estudio preliminar para la bio-indicación de arroyos. Ciencia Abierta Internacional 30 (On line): ISSN 0717-8948.Google Scholar
  29. Navarro, G. & M. Maldonado, 2002. Geografía Ecológica de Bolívia, Vegetación y Ambientes Acuáticos. Centro de Ecología Simón I. Patiño – Departemento de Difusión, Cochabamba, Bolivia.Google Scholar
  30. Oberdorff, T., D. Pont, B. Hugueny & D. Chessel, 2001. A probabilistic model characterizing riverine fish communities of French rivers: a framework for environmental assessment. Freshwater Biology 46: 399–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Oberdorff, T., D. Pont, B. Hugueny & J. P. Porcher, 2002. Development and validation of a fish-based index for the assessment of “river health” in France. Freshwater Biology 47: 1720–1734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Palmer, C. G., B. Maart, A. R. Palmer & J. H. O’Keeffe, 1996. An assessment of macroinvertebrate functional feeding groups as water quality indicators in the Buffalo River, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Hydrobiologia 318: 153–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pavluk, T. I., A. Bij de Vaate & H. A. Leslie, 2000. Development of an index of trophic completeness for benthic macroinvertebrate communities in flowing waters. Hydrobiologia 427: 135–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pont, D., B. Hugueny, B. Beier, D. Goffaux, A. Melcher, R. Noble, C. Rogers, N. Roset & S. Schmutz, 2006. Assessing river biotic condition at a continental scale: a European approach using functional metrics and fish assemblages. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 70–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rawer-Jost, C., J. Böhmer, J. Blank & H. Rahmann, 2000. Macroinvertebrate functional feeding group methods in ecological assessment. Hydrobiologia 422/423: 225–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Resh, V. H., R. H. Norris & M. T. Barbour, 1995. Design and implementation of rapid assessment approaches for water resource monitoring using benthic macroinvertebrates. Australian Journal of Ecology 20: 108–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Roldán, G., 1988. Guía para el estudio de los macroinvertebrados acuáticos del departamento de Antioquia. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín-Colombia.Google Scholar
  38. Scott, M. C. & L. W. Hall Jr, 1997. Fish assemblages as indicators of environmental degradation in Maryland coastal plain streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 126: 349–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Silveira, M. P., B. F. Baptista, D. F. Buss, J. L. Nessimian & M. Egler, 2005. Application of biological measures for stream integrity assessment in south-east Brazil. Environmental Monitoring Assessment 101: 117–128.Google Scholar
  40. Smolders, A., J. Van Hengstum, A. Montes Baron, H. Riso & L. Castillo, 1999. Efecto de la contaminación minera sobre la composición de la macrofauna bentónica en el río Pilcomayo. Revista Boliviana de Ecología y Conservación Ambiental 6: 229–237.Google Scholar
  41. Systat 9, 1999. SPSS Inc. USA.Google Scholar
  42. Tejerina-Garro, F. L., M. Maldonado, C. Ibañez, D. Pont, N. Roset & T. Oberdorff, 2005. Effects of natural and anthropogenic environmental changes on riverine fish assemblages: a framework for ecological assessment of rivers. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 48: 91–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Thorne, R. St. J. & W. P. Williams, 1997. The response of benthic macroinvertebrates to pollution in developing countries: a multimetric system of bioassessment. Freshwater Biology 37: 671–687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Tomanova, S., E. Goitia & J. Helešic, 2006. Trophic levels and functional feeding groups of macroinvertebrates in neotropical streams. Hydrobiologia 556: 251–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Townsend, C. R. & R. H. Riley, 1999. Assessment of river health: accounting for perturbation pathways in physical and ecological space. Freshwater Biology 41: 393–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. US EPA, 1997. Monitoring Guidance for Determining the Effectiveness of Nonpoint Source Controls. EPA 841-B-96–004. US. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington, DC, USA.Google Scholar
  47. Vinson, M. R. & C. P. Hawkins, 1998. Biodiversity of stream insects: variation at local, basin and regional scales. Annual Review of Entomology 43: 271–293.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Weisberg, S. B., L. C. Schaffner, D. M. Dauer & J. B. Fritasen, 1997. An estuarine benthic index of biotic integrity (B-IBI) for Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries 20: 149–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wright, J. F., D. Moss, P. D. Armitage & M. T. Furse, 1984. A preliminary classification of running water sites in Great Britain based on macroinvertebrate species and the prediction of community type using environmental data. Freshwater Biology 14: 221–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nabor Moya
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sylvie Tomanova
    • 2
  • Thierry Oberdorff
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Unidad de Limnología y Recursos AcuáticosUniversidad Mayor de San SimónCochabambaBolivia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Running Waters Biology, Department of Botany and ZoologyMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UR 131, DMPA-USM 403, Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParisFrance

Personalised recommendations