Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 559, Issue 1, pp 319–329 | Cite as

Climate Effects on Early Phytoplankton Biomass Over Three Decades Modified by the Morphometry in Connected Lake Basins

  • Hampus MarkenstenEmail author
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

A 30-year continuous record of chlorophyll a samples in May from six locations in the Swedish Lake Mälaren was tested for the correlation to air temperature, water temperature, precipitation, discharge, nutrients, yellow substance, dissolved phosphorous load, ice cover and NAO (North Atlantic Oscillation) index. In the deep basins subjected to stratification chlorophyll a concentration correlated with air temperature with equal or shorter delay than it did in the shallow basins. Both precipitation and discharge were significant negatively correlated with chlorophyll a concentration in many of the basins with varying retention times. However, discharge into flushed basins had a more immediate influence on chlorophyll a concentration, and precipitation was earlier correlated with chlorophyll a concentration in basins fed from the smaller and closer situated catchment.

Keywords

climate effect temperature precipitation chlorophyll a Lake Mälaren 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adrian, R., Deneke, R. 1996Possible impact of mild winters on zooplankton succession in eutrophic lakes of the Atlantic European areaFreshwater Biology36757770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adrian, R., Deneke, R., Mischke, U., Stellmacher, R., Lederer, P. 1995Long-term study of the Heiligensee (1975–1992) - Evidence for effects of climatic-change on the dynamics of eutrophied lake ecosystemsArchiv Fur Hydrobiologie133315337Google Scholar
  3. Arnott, S. E., Keller, B., Dillon, P. J., Yan, N., Paterson, M., Findlay, D. 2003Using Temporal Coherence to Determine the Response to Climate Change in Boreal Shield LakesEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment88365388PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Blenckner, T., Chen, D. 2003Comparison of the impact of regional and North Atlantic atmospheric circulation on an aquatic ecosystemClimate Research23131136Google Scholar
  5. Blenckner, T., Omstedt, A., Rummukainen, M. 2002A Swedish case study of contemporary and possible future consequences of climate change on lake functionAquatic Sciences64171184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blenckner, T., Pettersson, K., Padisak, J. 2003Lake plankton as a tracer to discover climate signalsVerhandlungen der Internationale Vereinigung für theoretische und angewandte Limnologie2813241327Google Scholar
  7. Carvalho, L., Kirika, A. 2003Changes in shallow lake functioning: response to climate change and nutrient reductionHydrobiologia506789796CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chorous, I.Bartram, J. eds. 1999Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water. A Guide to their Public Health Consequences, Monitoring and ManagementE, FN Spon/RoutledgeLondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Crowley, T. J. 2000Causes of climate change over the past 1000 yearsScience289270277CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Demers, E., Kalff, J. 1993A simple model for predicting the date of spring stratification in temperate and subtropical lakesLimnology and Oceanography3810771081Google Scholar
  11. DeStasio, B. T., Hill, D. K., Kleinhans, J. M., Nibbelink, N. P., Magnuson, J. J. 1996Potential effects of global climate change on small north-temperate lakes: Physics, fish, and planktonLimnology and Oceanography4111361149Google Scholar
  12. Environmental quality criteria, 2000. Environmental quality criteria. Lakes and watercourses, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Stockholm, 102 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Faithful, J. W., Griffiths, D. J. 2000Turbid flow through a tropical reservoir (Lake Dalrymple, Queensland, Australia): Responses to a summer storm eventLakes and Reservoirs Research and Management5231247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2000Climate-driven changes in spring plankton dynamics and the sensitivity of shallow polymictic lakes to the North Atlantic OscillationLimnology and Oceanography4510581066Google Scholar
  15. Gerten, D., Adrian, R. 2002Effects of climate warming, North Atlantic Oscillation, and El Nino-Southern Oscillation on thermal conditions and plankton dynamics in Northern Hemispheric lakesThe Scientific World Journal2586606Google Scholar
  16. Hurrell, J. W. 1995Decadal trends in the North-Atlantic oscillation – regional temperatures and precipitationScience269676679Google Scholar
  17. Håkanson, L. 1979. Mälarens skärgård : en öinventering. Statens naturvårdsverk, Solna: 87 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Jassby, A. D., Goldman, C. R., Reuter, J. E., Richards, R. C. 1999Origins and scale dependence of temporal variability in the transparency of Lake Tahoe, California-NevadaLimnology and Oceanography44282294Google Scholar
  19. Lemming, J., T. Lindell & H. Kvarnäs, 1971. Mälarens areal- och volymförhållanden. Naturvårdsverkets limnologiska undersökning, Uppsala: 39 pp.Google Scholar
  20. McKee, D., Atkinson, D., Collings, S. E., Eaton, J. W., Gill, A. B., Harvey, I., Hatton, K., Heyes, T., Wilson, D., Moss, B. 2003Response of freshwater microcosm communities to nutrients, fish, and elevated temperature during winter and summerLimnology and Oceanography48707722Google Scholar
  21. Mortsch, L. D., Quinn, F. H. 1996Climate change scenarios for Great Lakes Basin ecosystem studiesLimnology and Oceanography41903911Google Scholar
  22. Moss, B., McKee, D., Atkinson, D., Collings, S., Eaton, J., Gill, A., Harvey, I., Hatton, K., Heyes, T., Wilson, D. 2003How important is climate? Effects of warming, nutrient addition and fish on phytoplankton in shallow lake microcosmsJournal of Applied Ecology40782792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nõges, T., Nõges, P., Laugaste, R. 2003Water level as the mediator between climate change and phytoplankton composition in a large shallow temperate lakeHydrobiologia506257263Google Scholar
  24. Pettersson, K., Grust, K., Weyhenmeyer, G., Blenckner, T. 2003Seasonality of chlorophyll and nutrients in Lake Erken – effects of weather conditionsHydrobiologia5067581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pierson, D. C., Markensten, H., Strömbeck, N. 2003Long and short term variations in suspended particulate material: the influence on light available to the phytoplankton communityHydrobiologia494299304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ramberg, L. 1979Relations between phytoplankton and light climate in two Swedish forest lakesInternationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie64749782Google Scholar
  27. Reynolds, C. S. 1984The ecology of freshwater phytoplanktonCambridge University PressCambridge384Google Scholar
  28. Reynolds, C. S., 1989. Physical determinants of phytoplankton succession. In Sommer, U (ed) Plankton Ecology: Succession in Plankton Communities New York 956.Google Scholar
  29. Reynolds, C. S., 1997. Vegetation Processes in the Pelagic: A Model for Ecosystem Theory, Ecology Institute, Oldendorf, 371 pp.Google Scholar
  30. Rummukainen, M., 1999. On the climate change debate. Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping, Sweden: 27 pp.Google Scholar
  31. Schindler, D. W., Beaty, K. G., Fee, E. J., Cruikshank, D. R., DeBruyn, E. R., Findlay, D. L., Linsey, G. A., Shearer, J. A., Stainton, M. P., Turner, M. A. 1990Effects of climatic warming on lakes of the central boreal forest Ontario CanadaScience250967972Google Scholar
  32. Soranno, P. A. 1997Factors affecting the timing of surface scums and epilimnetic blooms of blue-green algae in a eutrophic lakeCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences5419651975Google Scholar
  33. Straile, D., Adrian, R. 2000The North Atlantic Oscillation and plankton dynamics in two European lakes - two variations on a general themeGlobal Change Biology6663670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wallin, M., (ed), 2000. Mälaren – miljötillstånd och utveckling 1965–1998. Mälarens vattenvårdsförbund, Uppsala.Google Scholar
  35. Wetzel, R. G., 1983. Limnology, Saunders College P., Philadelphia, 767 pp.Google Scholar
  36. Weyhenmeyer, G. A. 2001Warmer winters: are planktonic algal populations in Sweden’s largest lakes affectedAmbio30565571PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Weyhenmeyer, G. A., Blenckner, T., Pettersson, K. 1999Changes of the plankton spring outburst related to the North Atlantic OscillationLimnology and Oceanography4417881792Google Scholar
  38. Willén, E. 2001Four decades of research on the Swedish large Lakes Mälaren, Hjälmaren, Vättern and Vänern: The significance of monitoring and remedial measures for a sustainable societyAmbio30458466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Wnorowski, A. U. 1992Tastes and odours in the aquatic environment: A reviewWater South Africa18203214Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Limnology/Department of Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology CentreUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Department of Public TechnologyMälardalen UniversitySweden

Personalised recommendations