, Volume 552, Issue 1, pp 109–120

Perturbation, Restoration and Seeking Ecological Sustainability in Australian Flowing Waters



It is now accepted that most of the rivers and streams of Australia have been degraded to varying extents by European settlement. The scale and level of this degradation have been documented by State and Federal government authorities. To halt and reverse the degradation in the next two decades, it is crucial that the conservation and restoration of streams, rivers, riparian zones, and catchments become paramount in land and water management. Effective stream restoration requires a coordinated effort at the catchment level rather than at the level of many individual local sites. Monitoring, including the gathering of before-restoration data, and the setting of feasibly-attainable goals are key components of effective restoration. In planning projects and setting goals, it needs to be recognized that some goals may only be attained in the long-term. Large-scale restoration projects will require partnerships to be formed between resource managers and scientists, with other stakeholders possibly involved. Selected projects could be adaptively managed with the emphasis on gaining scientific knowledge on the effects of management interventions.


disturbance conservation restoration streams rivers Australia 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological Sciences and CRC for Freshwater EcologyMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia

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