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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 558, Issue 1, pp 141–150 | Cite as

Tardigrade Distribution in a Medium-sized City of Central Argentina

  • María Cristina Moly de Peluffo
  • Julio Ricardo Peluffo
  • Alejandra Mariana Rocha
  • Irene Luisa Doma
Article

Abstract

The distribution and abundance of tardigrades in the city of General Pico (Argentina) are analyzed from samples collected during autumn and spring 2001. Sample sites included paved urban locations with different traffic intensities, non-paved periurban places, and places with peculiar conditions such as the city industrial area and the bus station. Trees of the same species were selected in each area and from each of them nine subsamples of lichens and/or moss, 11 mm in diameter, were taken with steel corers. The diversity, density and relative abundance of tardigrades was recorded and analyzed. Sampling sites were ordinated and classified with PCA and clustering. The number total of species collected in the research was 5. The maximum number of species per site and per tree was 4. The species recorded were: Echiniscus rufoviridis, Milnesium cf. tardigradum, Ramazzottius oberhaeuseri, Macrobiotus areolatus and an undescribed species of the genus Macrobiotus. The average density was approximately 10 specimens per cm2 and the maximum values reach over 50 specimens per cm2. R. oberhaeuseri and M. cf. tardigradum were the most frequent species. R. oberhaeuseri dominates in periurban areas with high suspension dust and very exposed to the sun. M. cf. tardigradum dominates on paved streets with intense vehicle traffic. Results supported the hypothesis of the relationship between air quality and tardigrade diversity.

Keywords

urban environment tardigrades Argentina bioindicators 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Cristina Moly de Peluffo
    • 1
  • Julio Ricardo Peluffo
    • 1
  • Alejandra Mariana Rocha
    • 1
  • Irene Luisa Doma
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de La PampaSanta Rosa, La PampaArgentina

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