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Hydrobiologia

, 556:381 | Cite as

Inhibition of Mussel Suspension Feeding by Surfactants of Three Classes

  • S. A. Ostroumov
  • J. Widdows
Article

Abstract

Effects of three surfactants on the filtration rates by marine mussels were studied. The xenobiotics tested represented anionic, cationic and non-ionic surfactants (tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, a representative of a class of cationic surfactants; sodium dodecyl sulphate, a representative of anionic alkyl sulfates; and Triton X-100, a representative of non-ionic hydroxyethylated alkyl phenols). All three surfactants inhibited the clearance rates. The significance of the results for the ecology of marine ecosystems is discussed.

Keywords

surfactants filter-feeders clearance rates marine mussels toxicity 

Abbreviations

CR

clearance rate

EMIS

the electromagnetic induction system

SDS

sodium dodecyl sulphate

TDTMA

tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide

TX100

Triton X-100

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hydrobiology, Faculty of BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Plymouth Marine LaboratoryPlymouthEngland

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