Hydrobiologia

, Volume 556, Issue 1, pp 17–46 | Cite as

The Radiation of Hydrobioid Gastropods (Caenogastropoda, Rissooidea) in Ancient Lake Poso, Sulawesi

Primary Research Paper

Abstract

A survey of the fauna of hydrobioid gastropods living in ancient Lake Poso in Sulawesi revealed a total of 16 species, 14 of them new, belonging to two genera, Sulawesidrobia and Keindahan gen. nov. Most species occurred on hard substrates, water plants or rootlets of trees. Since only the upper 0.5 m of the lake have been sampled, many more species probably remain to be discovered. Already, Lake Posoȁ9s fauna ranks among the four most diverse hydrobioid lake faunas worldwide. The Sulawesi lakes including Lake Poso and the Malili Lakes are the only lakes where sizeable radiations of hydrobioid and cerithioid gastropods coexist. Outside Lake Poso, hydrobioid gastropods have not been investigated so far apart from a single species reported from Lake Lindoe similar to or identical with S. bonnei [Abbott, 1945. Occasional Papers on Mollusks 1: 1–4], which has its type locality in Lake Poso and may in fact be a complex of species. Therefore endemicity in Lake Poso cannot be estimated nor is it possible to say, whether the radiation is of lacustrine origin. The introduction of alien fish has had a severe impact on the native fish fauna. The impact on the invertebrate fauna is not known but chances are that this survey based on collections from 1991 no longer reflects the original assemblage in the lake.

Keywords

ancient lakes Hydrobiidae Lake Poso radiation Sulawesi 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParis cedex 05France
  2. 2.Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander KoenigBonnGermany

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