Hydrobiologia

, Volume 554, Issue 1, pp 67–81 | Cite as

Surface Rheology Parameters of Source-Specific Surfactant Films as Indicators of Organic Matter Dynamics

  • Stanisław J. Pogorzelski
  • Anna D. Kogut
  • Adriana Z. Mazurek
Article

Abstract

The paper contains the results of natural film experiments carried out on inland and coastal waters in the Dead Vistula catchment area and mouth during 2000–2002, using the integrated Langmuir trough–Wilhelmy plate system. The static film parameters result from the generalized scaling procedures applied to the surface pressure–area isotherms. They appear to reflect in a quantitative and sensitive way the film composition (Alim, Mw, Eisoth), film solubility and the miscibility of its components (via R, ΔSc and y factors), and surface concentration (πeq, Γeq). The adsorption kinetics parameters: effective diffusion coefficient Deff/D and activation energy barrier Ea/RT are derived from dynamic surface pressure. There is a reason to suggest that certain classes of film-forming components or ‘end-members’ may dominate the static and dynamic surface properties. Variation in the surface rheological parameters of source-specific biosurfactants is postulated to reflect organic matter dynamics in natural waters and were measured for the Dead Vistula river, its tributaries and the adjacent coastal area.

Keywords

Baltic sea biosurfactants Dead Vistula catchment area scaling procedures spatial-temporal variability surface films 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanisław J. Pogorzelski
    • 1
  • Anna D. Kogut
    • 1
  • Adriana Z. Mazurek
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Experimental PhysicsUniversity of GdanskGdańskPoland

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