, Volume 554, Issue 1, pp 67–81 | Cite as

Surface Rheology Parameters of Source-Specific Surfactant Films as Indicators of Organic Matter Dynamics

  • Stanisław J. Pogorzelski
  • Anna D. Kogut
  • Adriana Z. Mazurek


The paper contains the results of natural film experiments carried out on inland and coastal waters in the Dead Vistula catchment area and mouth during 2000–2002, using the integrated Langmuir trough–Wilhelmy plate system. The static film parameters result from the generalized scaling procedures applied to the surface pressure–area isotherms. They appear to reflect in a quantitative and sensitive way the film composition (Alim, Mw, Eisoth), film solubility and the miscibility of its components (via R, ΔSc and y factors), and surface concentration (πeq, Γeq). The adsorption kinetics parameters: effective diffusion coefficient Deff/D and activation energy barrier Ea/RT are derived from dynamic surface pressure. There is a reason to suggest that certain classes of film-forming components or ‘end-members’ may dominate the static and dynamic surface properties. Variation in the surface rheological parameters of source-specific biosurfactants is postulated to reflect organic matter dynamics in natural waters and were measured for the Dead Vistula river, its tributaries and the adjacent coastal area.


Baltic sea biosurfactants Dead Vistula catchment area scaling procedures spatial-temporal variability surface films 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adamson, A. W. 1982Physical Chemistry of Surfaces4Wiley InterscienceNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Barger, W. R., Means, J. C. 1985

    Clues to the structure of marine organic material from the study of physical properties of surface films

    Sigleo, A. C.Hattori, A. eds. Marine and Estuarine GeochemistryLewis Publishers IncChelsea4767
    Google Scholar
  3. Birdi, S. (ed.) 1997. Handbook of Surface and Colloid Chemistry. CRC Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Bock, E. J., Frew, N. M. 1993Static and dynamic response of natural multicomponent oceanic surface films to compression and dilation: laboratory and field observationsJournal of Geophysical Research981459914617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Defay, R., Prigogine, I., Sanfeld, A. 1977

    Surface thermodynamics

    Kerker, M.Zettlemoyer, A. C.Rowell, R. L. eds. Colloid and Interface ScienceAcademic PressNew York
    Google Scholar
  6. D’Arrigo, J. S. 1984Surface properties of microbubble-surfactant monolayers at the air/water interfaceJournal of Colloid and Interface Science100106111Google Scholar
  7. Derieux, S., Fillaux, J., Saliot, A. 1998Lipid class and fatty acid distributions in particulate and dissolved fractions in the North Adriatic SeaOrganic Geochemistry2916091621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Diamant, H., Andelman, D. 1996Kinetics of surfactant adsorption at fluid-fluid interfaceJournal of Physical Chemistry1001373213742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Druffel, E. R. M., Bauer, J. E. 2000Radiocarbon distributions in Southern Ocean dissolved and particulate organic matterGeophysical Research Letters2714951498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dukhin, S. S., Kretzschmar, G., Miller, R. 1995Dynamics of Adsorption at Liquid InterfacesElsevierAmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  11. Eastoe, J., Rankin, A., Wat, R. 2001Surfactant desorption dynamicsInternational Reviews in Physical Chemistry20357386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Frew Nelson, N. M. R. K. 1992Scaling of marine microlayer film surface pressure-area isotherms using chemical attributesJournal of Geophysical Research9752915300Google Scholar
  13. Fuente-Feria, J., Patino, J. M. R. 1994Destabilization of monoglyceride monolayers at the air-aqueous subphase interface: 1 KineticsLangmuir1023172324Google Scholar
  14. Gasparovic, B., Cosovic, B. 2001Distribution of surface-active substances in the marine northern Adriatic seaMarine Chemistry75301313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gelbart W. M., A. Ben-Shaul & D. Roux, (eds), 1994. Micelles, Membranes, Microemulsions and Monolayers. Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Goutx, M., Guigue, C., Striby, L. 2003Triacylglycerol biodegradation experiment in marine environmental conditions: definition of a new lipolysis indexOrganic Geochemistry3414651473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hsu, Ch.-T., Shao, M. J., Lin, S. -Y. 2000Adsorption kinetics of C12E4 at the air- water interface: adsorption onto a fresh interfaceLangmuir1631873194Google Scholar
  18. Hunter, K. A., Liss, P. S. 1981

    Organic sea surface films

    Duursma, E. K.Dawson, R. eds. Marine Organic ChemistryElsevierNew York259298
    Google Scholar
  19. Kragel, J., Stortini, A. M., Degli-Innocenti, N., Loglio, G., Cini, R., Miller, R. 1995Dynamic interfacial properties of marine microlayersColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects101129135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. LoNostro, P., Gabrielli, G. 1993Temperature and subphase effects on aliphatic alcohol films at the air-water interfaceLangmuir931323137Google Scholar
  21. Pogorzelski, S. J. 1992Isotherms of natural sea surface films: a novel device for sampling and properties studiesReview of Scientific Instruments.6337733776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pogorzelski, S. J. 1994Acoustic signatures of organic films floating on the sea surfaceArchives of Acoustics1985108Google Scholar
  23. Pogorzelski, S. J. 1996Application of 2D polymer film scaling theory to natural sea surface filmsColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects114297309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pogorzelski, S. J. 2001Structural and thermodynamic characteristics of natural marine films derived from force-area studiesColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects189163176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pogorzelski, S. J., Kogut, A. D. 2001aStatic and dynamic properties of surfactant films on natural watersOceanologia43223246Google Scholar
  26. Pogorzelski, S. J., Kogut, A. D. 2001bKinetics of marine surfactant adsorption at an air/water interface. Baltic Sea StudiesOceanologia43389404Google Scholar
  27. Pogorzelski, S. J., Kogut, A. D. 2003Structural and thermodynamic signatures of marine microlayer filmsJournal of Sea Research49347356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pogorzelski, S. J., Stortini, A. M., Loglio, G. 1994Natural surface film studies in shallow coastal waters of the Baltic and Mediterranean SeasContinental Shelf Research1416211643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Romankevich, E. A. (ed.), 1984. Geochemistry of Organic Matter in the Ocean. Springer-Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  30. Saliot, A., Mejanelle, L., Scribe, P., Fillaux, J., Pepe, C., Jabaud, A., Dagaut, J. 2001Particulate organic carbon, sterols, fatty acids and pigments in the Amazon River systemBiogeochemistry5379103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sekelsky, A. M., Shreve, G. S. 1999Kinetic model of biosurfactant-enhanced hexadecane biodegradation by Pseudomonas aeruginosaBiotechnology and Bioengineering63401409CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Simon-Kutscher, J., Gerike, A., Hühnerfuss, H. 1996Effect of bivalent Ba, Cu, Ni, and Zn cations on the structure of octadecanoic acid monolayers at the air-water interface as determined by external infrared reflection-adsorption spectroscopyLangmuir1210271034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Striby, L., Lafont, R., Goutx, M. 1999Improvement in the Iatroscan thin-layer chromatographic-flame ionisation detection analysis of marine lipids. Separation and quantitation of monoacylglycerols and diacylglycerols in standards and natural samplesJournal of Chromatography A849371380CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Williams, P. M. 1986

    The chemical composition of the sea-surface microlayer and its relation to the occurrence and formation of natural sea-surface films

    Herr, F.Williams, J. eds. ONR Workshop Proceedings –Role of Surfactant Films on the Interfacial Properties of the Sea Surface. Report C-11–86 Office of Naval ResearchArlingtonCalifornia79110
    Google Scholar
  35. Vleet, E. S., Williams, P. M. 1983Surface potential and film pressure measurements in seawater systemsLimnology and Oceanography28401414Google Scholar
  36. Vojvodic, V., Cosovic, B. 1996Fractionation of surface active substances on the XAD-8 resin: adriatic sea samples and phytoplankton culture mediaMarine Chemistry54119133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Volkman, J. K., Barrett, S. M., Blackburn, S. I., Mansour, M. P., Sikes, E. L., Gelin, F. 1998Microalgal biomarkers: a review of recent research developmentsOrganic Geochemistry2911631179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zutic, V. B., Cosovic, B., Marcenko, E., Bihari, N. 1981Surfactant production by marine phytoplanktonMarine Chemistry10505520CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanisław J. Pogorzelski
    • 1
  • Anna D. Kogut
    • 1
  • Adriana Z. Mazurek
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Experimental PhysicsUniversity of GdanskGdańskPoland

Personalised recommendations