Hydrobiologia

, Volume 560, Issue 1, pp 311–321 | Cite as

Benthic Macroinvertebrates in the Watershed of an Urban Reservoir in Southeastern Brazil

Primary Research Paper

Abstract

The Ibirité watershed is subject to several forms of environmental degradation such as the presence of a petroleum refinery industry, urbanization of its surrounding landscape, and non treated domestic sewage from over 135,000 inhabitants. Benthic macroinvertebrates represent a useful tool in the evaluation of environmental quality through studies of the structure of communities and their relationship to anthropic activities within the watersheds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the environmental impact to the Ibirité reservoir caused by the petroleum refinery industry, urbanization, and sulphatation. Degradation of the watershed was measured by using the richness, diversity, evenness, and density of benthic macroinvertebrates. Twelve sampling stations were established as follows: five stations on Pintados and Ibirité streams (upstream from the reservoir), six in the reservoir and one station downstream from the reservoir. From 2002 to 2003, during both the dry and rainy seasons (in the tributaries) and the stratified and non-stratified periods (in the reservoir) were evaluated. A total of 289,777 organisms were collected and the most abundant organisms found in the streams were Oligochaeta (60%), Chironomidae (Chironomus, Goeldichironomus, Dicrotendipes, Cryptochironomus, Polypedilum, Parachironomus, Tanytarsus, Tribelos, Tanypus, Ablabesmyia, Cricotopus, Oliveriella) (38%) and Gastropoda (Biomphalaria straminea, Physa sp., Melanoides tuberculatus, Pomacea haustrum) (2%). In the reservoir, the most abundant specimens were Chaoboridae (46%) and Chironomidae larvae (Chironomus, Goeldichironomus, Tanypus, Coleotanypus, Labrundinia) (17%), in addition to Oligochaeta (24%) and Gastropoda (Melanoides tuberculatus) (13%). Evaluation of the structure and distribution of benthic communities showed a rapid environmental degradation process within the studied aquatic systems, in which low values of richness and diversity and high densities of tolerant organisms were observed. This environmental degradation is a result of the intense discharge of domestic sewage into the streams, reducing water quality and contributing to rapid artificial eutrophication.

Keywords

benthic macroinvertebrates community structure urban watershed pollution assessment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Araya, M., Chen, B., Klevay, L. M., Strain, J. J., Johnson, L., Robson, P., Shi, W., Nielsen, F., Zhu, H., Olivares, M., Pizarro, F., Haber, L. T. 2003Confirmation of an acute no-observed-adverse-effect and low-observed-adverse-effect level for copper in bottled drinking water in a multi-site international studyRegulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology38389399CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bailey, R. C., Norris, R. H., Reynoldson, T. B. 2004Bioassessment of Freshwater Ecosystems: Using the Reference Condition Approach Kluwer Academic PublishersBostonGoogle Scholar
  3. Beavan, L., Sadler, J., Pinder, C. 2001The invertebrate fauna of a physically modified urban riverHydrobiologia44597108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Buss, D. F., Baptista, D. F., Silveira, M. P., Nessimian, J. L., Dorvillé, L. F. M. 2002Influence of water chemistry and environmental degradation on macroinvertebrate assemblages in a river basin in south-east BrazilHydrobiologia481125136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Callisto, M. & F. A. Esteves, 1998. Categorização funcional dos macroinvertebrados bentônicos em quatro ecossistemas lóticos sob influência das atividades de uma mineração de bauxita na Amazônia central (Brasil). Oecologia Brasiliensis. In Nessimian, J. L. & A. L. Carvalho (eds), Ecologia de Insetos Aquáticos. Serie Oecologia Brasiliensis. PPGE-UFRJ. Rio de Janeiro 5: 223–234Google Scholar
  6. Callisto, M., Moreno, P., Gonçalves, J. F.,Jr., Leal, J. J. F., Esteves, F. A. 2002aDiversity and biomass of Chironomidae (Diptera) larvae in an impacted coastal lagoon in Rio de Janeiro, BrazilBrazilian Journal of Biology627784Google Scholar
  7. Callisto, M., Ferreira, W., Moreno, P., Goulart, M. D. C., Petrucio, M. 2002bAplicação de um protocolo de avaliação rápida da diversidade de habitats em atividades de ensino e pesquisa (MG-RJ)Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia139198Google Scholar
  8. Callisto, M., Moreno, P., Gonçalves, J. F.,Jr., Ferreira, W. R., Gomes, C. L. Z. 2005Malacological assessment and natural infestation of Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848) by Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907) and Chaetogaster limnaei (K. von Baer, 1827) in an urban eutrophic watershedBrazilian Journal of Biology65217228Google Scholar
  9. Codd, G. A. 2000Cyanobacterial toxins, the perception of water quality, and the priritisation of eutrophical controlEcological Engineering165161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Compin, A., Céréghino, R. 2003Sensitivity of aquatic insect species richness to disturbance in the Adour–Garonne stream system (France)Ecological Indicators3135142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Christofoletti, A. 1974Geomorfologia Edgard BlucherSão PauloGoogle Scholar
  12. Daniel, M. H. B., Montebelo, A. A., Bernardes, M. C., Ometto, J. P. H. B., Camargo, P. B., Krusche, A. V., Ballester, M. V., Victoria, R. L., Martinelli, L. A. 2002Effects of urban sewage on dissolved oxygen, dissolved inorganic and organic carbon, and electrical conductivity of small streams along a gradient of urbanization in the piracicaba river basinWater, Air, and Soil Pollution136189206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Davis, J. R. 1997Revitalization of a northcentral Texas river, as indicated by benthic macroinvertebrate communitiesHydrobiologia34695117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Deberdt, G. L. B. 2003Cianobactérias: eutrofização, usos da água e saúde públicaSePRONews112Google Scholar
  15. Dokulil, M. T., Teubner, K. 2000Cyanobacterial dominance in lakesHydrobiologia438112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. El-Raey, M., Fouda, Y., Gal, P. 2000GIS for environmental assessment of the impacts of urban encroachment on Rosetta region, EgyptEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment60217233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. EPA, 2000. Using Biological Criteria to Assess and Classify Urban Streams and Develop Improved Landscape Indicators. Yoder, C. O., Miltner, R. J., (eds), EPA/625/R-00/001, July 2000Google Scholar
  18. Esteves, F.A. 1998Fundamentos de Limnologia Interciência & FinepRio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  19. Fundação João Pinheiro, 2001. Zoneamento Urbano-Ambiental do Entorno da Regap e UTE-Ibiritermo. Centro de Estudos Municipais e Metropolitanos, Belo HorizonteGoogle Scholar
  20. Garvey, J. E., Owen, H. A., Winner, R. W. 1991Toxicity of copper to the green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlorophyceae), as affected by humic substances of terrestrial and freshwater originAquatic Toxicology198996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gray, L. 2004Changes in water quality and macroinvertebrate communities resulting from urban stormflows in the Provo River, Utah, U.S.AHydrobiologia5183346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Haughey, M. A., Anderson, M. A., Whitney, R. D., Taylor, W. D., Losee, R. F. 2000Forms and fate of Cu in a source drinking water reservoir following CuSO4 treatmentWater Research3434403452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Helfield, J. M., Diamond, M. L. 1997Use of constructed wetlands for urban stream restoration: a critical analysisEnvironmental Management21329341CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Henry, R., 1995. The thermal structure of some lakes and reservoirs in Brazil. In Tundisi, J. G. C. E. M. Bicudo & T. Matsumura-Tundisi (eds), Limnology in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro .Google Scholar
  25. Hooper, H. L., Sibly, R. M., Hutchinson, T. M., Maund, S. J. 2003The influence of larval density, food availability and habitat longevity on the life history and population growth rate of the midge Chironomus riparius Oikos102515524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hullebusch, E., Deluchat, V. R., Chazal, P. M., Baudu, M. 2002Environmental impact of two successive chemical treatments in a small shallow eutrophied lake: Part II. Case of copper sulfateEnvironmental Pollution120627634CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Hutchinson, G. E. 1957A treatise on limnology. I. Geography, physics and chemistry John WileyNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. Junqueira, M. V., Amarante, M. C., Dias, C. F. S., França, E. S. 2000Biomonitoramento da qualidade das águas da bacia do rio das Velhas (MG-Brasil) através de macroinvertebradosActa Limnologica Brasiliensia127387Google Scholar
  29. Karr, J. R., Chu, E. W. 2000Sustaining living riversHydrobiologia422/423114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Karr, J. R., Schlosser, I. J. 1978Water resources and the land-water interfaceScience201229234Google Scholar
  31. Lim, H. S. 2003Variations in the water quality of a small urban tropical catchment: implications for load estimation and water quality monitoringHydrobiologia4945763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ma, M., Zhu, W., Wang, Z., Witkamp, G. J. 2003Accumulation, assimilation and growth inhibition of copper on freshwater alga (Scenedesmus subspicatus 86.81 SAG) in the presence of EDTA and fulvic acidAquatic Toxicology63221228CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Magurran, A. E. 1991Ecological Diversity and its MeasurementChapman & HallLondonGoogle Scholar
  34. Mal, T. K., Adorjan, P., Corbett, A. L. 2002Effect of copper on growth of an aquatic macrophyte, Elodea canadensisEnvironmental Pollution120307311CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Marques, M. M., Barbosa, F. 2001Biological quality of waters from an impacted tropical watershed (middle Rio Doce basin, southeast Brazil), using benthic macroinvertebrate communities as an indicatorHydrobiologia4576976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Meybeck, M. 1998Man and river interface: multiple impacts on water and particulates chemistry illustrated in the Seine river basinHydrobiologia373120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Moss, B., Timms, M. 1989Predation, sediment stability and food availability as determinants of the benthic invertebrate fauna in two shallow lakesHydrobiologia185249257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Norris, R. H., Hawkins, C. P. 2000Monitoring river healthHydrobiologia.435517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rosenberg, D. M., Resh, V. H. 1993Freshwater Bimonitoring and Benthic MacroinvertebratesChapman & HallNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  40. Sandin, L. 2003Benthic macroinvertebrates in Swedish streams: community structure, taxon richness, and environmental relationsEcography26269282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Scholz, F., Zerbst-Boroffka, I. 1998Environmental hypoxia affects osmotic and ionic regulation in freshwater midge-larvaeJournal of Insect Physiology44427436CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Smith, V. H., Tilman, G. D., Nekola, J. C. 1999Eutrophication: impacts of excess nutrient inputs on freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystemsEnvironmental Pollution100179196CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Stuijfzand, S. C., Helms, M., Kraak, M. H. S., Admiraal, W. 2000Interacting effects of toxicants and organic matter on the midge Chironomus riparius in polluted river waterEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety46351356CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Timm, H., Ivask, M., Mols, T. 2001Response of macroinvertebrates and water quality to long-term decrease in organic pollution in some Estonian streams during 1990–1998Hydrobiologia464153164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Vitousek, P. M., Mooney, H. A., Lubchenco, J., Melillo, J. M. 1997Human domination of the Earth’s ecosystemsScience277494499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Walsh, C. J. 2000Urban impacts on the ecology of receiving waters: a framework for assessment, conservation and restorationHydrobiologia431107114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Walters, D. M., Leigh, D. S., Bearden, A. B. 2003Urbanization, sedimentation, and the homogenization of fish assemblages in the Etowah River Basin, USAHydrobiologia494510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zandbergen, P. A. 1998Urban watershed ecological risk assessment using GIS: a case study of the Brunette River watershed in British Columbia, CanadaJournal of Hazardous Materials61163173CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General Biology, Laboratory of Benthic Ecology, Institute of Biological SciencesFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

Personalised recommendations