, Volume 544, Issue 1, pp 249–258 | Cite as

Phylogeny of the East Asian botiine loaches (Cypriniformes, Botiidae) inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences

  • Qiongying Tang
  • Bangxi Xiong
  • Xiuping Yang
  • Huanzhang LiuEmail author
Primary Research Paper


The Botiinae have traditionally represented a subfamily of the Cobitidae. At present, the classification and phylogenetic relationships of the Botiinae are controversial. To address systematic and phylogenetic questions concerning this group, we sequenced the complete cytochrome b gene from 34 samples, of which 24 represented 13 species of the East Asian botiine fishes, while the other 10 were non-botiine loach species. For the 1140 bp sequences determined, 494 sites were variable ones, of which 424 were parsimony informative. With Myxocyprinus asiaticus as an outgroup, molecular phylogenetic trees were constructed using the neighbor-joining, maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods. All molecular phylogenetic trees revealed that botiine fishes form a monophyletic group and are distantly related to other loaches, suggesting that the Botiinae should be placed in their own family. Within the Botiinae, there are three genera; Botia, Parabotia, andLeptobotia, each genus forming a monophyletic group, with the genus Botia as the most ancestral split. Our molecular results are in agreement with morphological analyses of botiines, suggesting that Botia is the ancestral genus, while Leptobotia and Parabotia were resolved as more derived sister groups.


Botiinae mitochondrial cytochrome b phylogeny monophyletic group 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiongying Tang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bangxi Xiong
    • 1
  • Xiuping Yang
    • 1
  • Huanzhang Liu
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of FisheryHuazhong Agricultural UniversityHubeiP. R. China
  2. 2.Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of Science, HubeiP. R. China

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