Hydrobiologia

, Volume 537, Issue 1–3, pp 169–183 | Cite as

Population size and structure of three mussel species (Bivalvia: Unionidae) in a northeastern German river with special regard to influences of environmental factors

Article

Abstract

Unionid mussels are of great ecological importance in running and standing waters, however their populations declined continually during the 20th century. In order to collect more data on the situation of these mussels in running waters, the populations of Anodonta anatina, Anodonta cygnea, and Unio tumidus (Unionidae) were investigated in the northeastern German river Ryck from 1996 to 1998. At three sampling stations along the river, the mussel stocks as well as sediment and water properties were analyzed. In this river abundances of up to 138.7 indiv./m2 were detected. The average population densities varied from 10.9 to 34.9 indiv./m2. More critically however, the age structures showed significant signs of irregular reproductive success and overaging. Consequently, the mussel stocks are going to decline, and furthermore, U.tumidus should be listed as an endangered species in the Ryck river. Negative influences on bivalves can be expected from sporadically occurring low oxygen and high ion concentrations in the water. But after all, the conditions within the sediments seem to be decisive for the survival of juvenile mussels and thus for the age structure of the populations.

Keywords

Anodonta Unio population structure age structure river environmental factors 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agrell, I. 1949The shell morphology of some Swedish unionides as affected by ecological conditionsArkiv för zoologi41130Google Scholar
  2. Amt für Wasserwirtschaft1970Flächenverzeichnis der Flußgebiete der DDR-KüsteVerlag für BauwesenBerlin153Google Scholar
  3. Amyot, J.-P., Downing, J.A. 1991Endo- and epibenthic distribution of the unionid mollusc Elliptio complanataJournal of the North American Benthological Society10280285Google Scholar
  4. Arter, H.E. 1989Effect of eutrophication on species composition and growth of freshwater mussels (Mollusca, Unionidae) in Lake Hallwil (Aargau, Switzerland)Aquatic Sciences518799Google Scholar
  5. Bahr K. (1994). Untersuchungen zu Schalenbewegung und Sauerstoffverbrauch einheimischer Großmuscheln unter verschiedenen experimentellen Bedingungen. PhD thesis, Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover.Google Scholar
  6. Bauer, G. 1988Threats to the freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera L. in Central EuropeBiological Conservation45239253Google Scholar
  7. Byrne, M. 1998Reproduction of river and lake populations of Hyridella depressa (Unionacea: Hyriidae) in New South Wales: implications for their conservationHydrobiologia3892943Google Scholar
  8. Claes M. (1987). Untersuchungen zur Entwicklungsbiologie der Teichmuschel Anodonta cygnea . Ms thesis, Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover.Google Scholar
  9. Crowley, T.E. 1957Age determination in AnodontaJournal of Conchology24201207Google Scholar
  10. Downing, J.A., Rochon, Y., Perusse, M., Harvey, H. 1993Spatial aggregation, body size, and reproductive success in the freshwater mussel Elliptio complanataJournal of the North American Benthological Society12148156Google Scholar
  11. Engel H. (1990). Untersuchungen zur Autökologie von Unio crassus (P hilipsson) in Norddeutschland. PhD thesis, Universität Hannover.Google Scholar
  12. Falkner G. (1990). Binnenmollusken. In : Fechter R., Falkner G. Weichtiere-Europäische Meeres- und Binnenmollusken. Mosaik Verlag, München: 112–273Google Scholar
  13. Fischer, H., 2000. The abundance and production of bacteria in river sediments, and their relation to the biochemical composition of organic matter. PhD thesis, Universität Freiburg.Google Scholar
  14. Fleischauer-Rössing, S., 1990. Untersuchungen zur Autökologie von Unio tumidus PHILIPSSON und Unio pictorum LINNAEUS (Bivalvia) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der frühen postparasitären Phase. PhD thesis, Universität Hannover.Google Scholar
  15. Franke, G., 1993. Zur Populationsökologie und Geschlechtsbiologie der Teichmuscheln A. anatina L. und A. cygnea L. (Bivalvia: Unionidae). Ms thesis, Universität Bayreuth.Google Scholar
  16. Glöer, P. & C. Meier-Brook, 1994. Süßwassermollusken. DJN (ed.), Hamburg, 136 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Hanson, J.M., Mackay, W.C., Prepas, E.E. 1988Population size, growth, and production of a unionid clam, Anodonta grandis simpsoniana , in a small, deep Boreal Forest lake in central AlbertaCanadian Journal of Zoology66247253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Haskin, H.H. 1954Age determination in molluscsTransactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, Series II16300304Google Scholar
  19. Haukioja, E., Hakala, T. 1974Vertical distribution of freshwater mussels (Pelecypoda, Unionidae) in southwestern FinlandAnnales Zoologici Fennici11127130Google Scholar
  20. Haukioja, E., Hakala, T. 1978Measuring growth from shell rings in populations of Anodonta piscinalis (Pelecypoda, Unionidae)Annales Zoologici Fennici156065Google Scholar
  21. Heard, W.H. 1998Brooding patterns in freshwater musselsMalacological Review, Supplement7105121Google Scholar
  22. Hickley, P. 1983Ecological notes on three species of mussels (Anodonta anatina , Unio pictorum , Unio tumidus) in the River Eden, KentTransactions of the Kent Field Club97181Google Scholar
  23. Hille, S., 1997. Untersuchungen zur Ichthyofauna des Rycks. Author’s copy, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald.Google Scholar
  24. Hochwald S. (1997). Populationsökologie der Bachmuschel (Unio crassus). Bayreuther Forum Ökologie 50, Bayreuth, 181 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Hochwald, S., Bauer, G. 1990Untersuchungen zur Populationsökologie und Fortpflanzungsbiologie der Bachmuschel Unio crassus (P hil.) 1788Schriftenreihe des Bayerischen Landesamtes für Umweltschutz973149Google Scholar
  26. Holwerda, D.A., Veenhof, P.R. 1984Aspects of anaerobic metabolism in Anodonta cygnea LComparative Biochemistry and Physiology78707711Google Scholar
  27. Jokela, J., Valtonen, E.T., Lappalainen, M. 1991Development of glochidia of Anodonta piscinalis and their infection of fish in a small lake in northern FinlandArchiv für Hydrobiologie120345355Google Scholar
  28. Jueg, U. 1993Die Situation der Großmuscheln in Mecklenburg-VorpommernNaturschutzarbeit in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern363841Google Scholar
  29. Klemm, A., Ludwig, T.M., Opitz &Zschutzschke, M. 1994/1995Zur Bestandssituation charakteristischer Muschelarten des Gülper SeesNaturschutz und Landschaftspflege in Brandenburg4/1994–1/19951923Google Scholar
  30. Krzyzanek, E. 1994Changes in the bivalve groups (Bivalvia-Unionidae) in the Goczalkowice Reservoir (southern Poland) in the period 1983–1992Acta Hydrobiologica36103113Google Scholar
  31. LAWA1998Beurteilung der Wasserbeschaffenheit von Fließgewässern in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland-Chemische GewässergüteklassifikationKulturbuchverlagBerlin35Google Scholar
  32. Lewandowski, K. 1990Unionidae of Szeszupa River and of the lakes along its course in Suwalski Landscape ParkEkologia Polska38271286Google Scholar
  33. Lewandowski, K. 1991Long-term changes in the fauna of family Unionidae bivalves in the Mikolajskie LakeEkologia Polska39265272Google Scholar
  34. Lewandowski, K., Stanczykowska, A. 1975The occurrence and role of bivalves of the family Unionidae in Mikolajskie LakeEkologia Polska23317334Google Scholar
  35. Libois, R.M., Hallet-Libois, C. 1987The unionid mussels (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of the Belgian upper River Meuse: an assessment of the impact of hydraulic works on the river water self-purificationBiological Conservation42115132Google Scholar
  36. Maaß, S., 1987. Untersuchungen zur Fortpflanzungsbiologie einheimischer Süßwassermuscheln der Gattung Unio. PhD thesis, Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover.Google Scholar
  37. Massabuau, J.-C., Burtin, B., Wheathly, M. 1991How is O2 consumption maintained independent of ambient oxygen inmussel Anodonta cygnea?Respiration Physiology83103114PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Mentzen, R. 1926Bemerkungen zur Biologie und Ökologie der mitteleuropäischen UnionidenArchiv für Hydrobiologie und Planktonkunde17381394Google Scholar
  39. Meyer H.-J. (1962). Faunistisch-ökologische Untersuchungen des Ryck-Flusses bei Greifswald. Ms thesis, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald.Google Scholar
  40. Miller, A.C., Payne, B.S. 1988The need for quantitative sampling to characterize size demography and density of freshwater communitiesAmerican Malacological Bulletin64954Google Scholar
  41. Miller, A.C., Payne, B.S. 1993Qualitative versus quantitative sampling to evaluate population and community characteristics at a large-river mussel bedThe American Midland Naturalist130133145Google Scholar
  42. Mouthon, J. 1996Molluscs and biodegradable pollution in rivers: proposal for a scale of sensitivity of speciesHydrobiologia317221229Google Scholar
  43. Mühlenberg, M. 1989FreilandökologieQuelle & Meyer VerlagHeidelberg Wiesbaden340Google Scholar
  44. Müller, D., Patzner, R.A. 1996Growth and age structure of the swan mussel Anodonta cygnea (L.) at different depths inLake Mattsee (Salzburg, Austria)Hydrobiologia3416570Google Scholar
  45. Müller, G. 1978Parameter für Carabiden-Sukzessionen auf der Basis von Aktivitätsdichte-WertenPedobiologia18442447Google Scholar
  46. Müller, G., 1987. Die Carabidenfauna der drei Nordbezirke der DDR-eine ökologische Analyse zum Problem der Faunenveränderungen. PhD thesis II, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald.Google Scholar
  47. Nagel, K.-O. 1985Glochidien und Fortpflanzungsbiologie von Najaden des Rheins (Bivalvia-Unionidae-Anodontinae)Mainzer Naturwissenschaftliches Archiv, Beiheft5163174Google Scholar
  48. Negus, C. 1966A quantitative study of growth and production of unionid mussels in the River Thames at ReadingJournal of Animal Ecology35513532Google Scholar
  49. Neves, R.J., Moyer, S.N. 1988Evaluation of techniques for age determination of freshwater mussels (Unionidae)American Malacological Bulletin6179188Google Scholar
  50. Niemeyer, B., 1993. Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur bionomischen Strategie der Teichmuschelarten Anodonta cygnea L. und Anodonta anatina L.. PhD thesis, Universität Hannover.Google Scholar
  51. Ogilvie, S.C., Mitchell, S.F. 1995A model of mussel filtration in a shallow New Zealand lake, with reference to eutrophication controlArchiv für Hydrobiologie133471482Google Scholar
  52. Ökland, J. 1963Notes on population density, age distribution, growth, and habitat of Anodonta piscinalis N ilss. (Moll., Lamellibr.) in a eutrophic Norwegian lakeNytt Magasin for Zoologi111943Google Scholar
  53. Ostrovsky, I., Gophen, M., Kalikhman, I. 1993Distribution, growth, production, and ecological significance of the clam Unio terminalis in Lake Kinneret, IsraelHydrobiologia2714963Google Scholar
  54. Richardson, T.D., Yokley, P. 1996A note on sampling technique and evidence of recruitment in freshwater mussels (Unionidae)Archiv für Hydrobiologie137135140Google Scholar
  55. Scholz, A. 1991Süßwassermuscheln der Familie Unionidae im Regierungsbezirk Detmold-Gefährdung und SchutzNaturschutz-Landschaftspflege im Regierungsbezirk Detmold8814Google Scholar
  56. Scholz, A. 1992Die Großmuscheln (Unionidae) im Regierungsbezirk Detmold-Verbreitung, Biologie und Ökologie der ostwestfälischen NajadenNaturschutz-Landschaftspflege im Regierungsbezirk DetmoldSonderheft Detmold73Google Scholar
  57. Sheldon, F., Walker, K.F. 1989Effects of hypoxia on oxigen consumption by two species of freshwater mussel (Unionacea: Hyriidae) from the River MurrayAustralian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research40491499Google Scholar
  58. Soto, D., Mena, G. 1999Filter feeding by the freshwater mussel, Diplodon chilensis , as a biocontrol of salmon farming eutrophicationAquaculture1716581Google Scholar
  59. Tudorancea, C. 1972Studies on Unionidae populations from the Crapina Jijila complex of pools (Danube zone liable to inundation)Hydrobiologia39527561Google Scholar
  60. Vanderploeg, H.A., Liebig, J.R., Nalepa, T.F. 1995From picoplankton to microplankton: temperature-driven filtration by the unionid bivalve Lampsilis radiata siliquoidea in Lake St. ClairCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences526374Google Scholar
  61. VE Meliorationskombinat Rostock, 1968. Vorflutausbau Ryck, Kreis Greifswald, Reg.-Nr. 13-1/05/LW/600/68.Google Scholar
  62. VE Meliorationskombinat Rostock, 1970. Vorflutausbau Ryck, Kreis Grimmen, Reg.-Nr. 13-1/07/LW/663/70.Google Scholar
  63. Wächtler, K., Dreher-Mansur, M.C., Richter, T. 2001

    Larval types and early postlarval biology in naiads (Unionoida)

    Bauer, G.Wächtler, K. eds. Ecology and Evolution of the Freshwater Mussels UnionoidaSpringer-VerlagBerlin Heidelberg93125
    Google Scholar
  64. Wanke H. (1996). Fließgewässer im Landkreis Nordvorpommern-Informationen der Kreisnaturschutzbehörde. Grimmen, 19 pp.Google Scholar
  65. Welker, M., Walz, N. 1998Can mussels control the plankton in rivers? – a planktological approach applying a Lagrangian sampling strategyLimnology and Oceanography43753762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Wolff, W.J. 1968The mollusca of the estuarine region of the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt in relation to the hydrography of the area. I. The UnionidaeBasteria321347Google Scholar
  67. Žadin, V.I. 1938Molljuski semejstva UnionidaeFauna SSSR T. IV. Izdatel ‘stvo akademii nauk SSSRMoskva Leningrad170Google Scholar
  68. Zettler, M.L. 1996The aquatic malacofauna (Gastropoda et Bivalvia) in the catchment area of a north German lowland river, the WarnowLimnologica26327337Google Scholar
  69. Zettler, M.L. 1998Die Wassermollusken im Einzugsgebiet der Peene (Nordostdeutschland)Malakologische Abhandlungen19127138Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität GreifswaldZoologisches Institut und MuseumGreifswaldGermany

Personalised recommendations