Associations between gelatinous zooplankton and hyperiid amphipods (Crustacea: Peracarida) in the Gulf of California Article DOI:
Cite this article as: Gasca, R. & Haddock, S.H.D. Hydrobiologia (2004) 530: 529. doi:10.1007/s10750-004-2657-5 Abstract
Hyperiid amphipods are pelagic crustaceans that live associated with gelatinous zooplankton including medusae, ctenophores, siphonophores, and salps. Standard plankton sampling disrupts natural associations, so the most reliable way to determine an association is through direct observation of the organisms in their environment. The planktonic fauna of the Gulf of California dwelling between 10 and 3000 m was surveyed using SCUBA diving and a remotely operated submersible (ROV) during March 2003. Here we report our observations on a total of 14 symbiotic associations found between the hyperiid amphipods and various taxa of gelatinous zooplankton. We found parental care behavior in a group of amphipods (Oxycephalidae) in which this phenomenon has not been previously reported. For two hyperiid species,
Euthamneus rostratus and Vibilia australis, we present the first information on their symbiotic relations. Additional hosts were discovered for other well-known and widely distributed hyperiid species (i.e. Brachyscelus crusculum, Hyperoche medusarum). Photographic evidence of some of these interactions is included in this contribution. This is the first survey of these relationships in the Gulf of California, and many aspects of the ecology and biology of these symbioses remain to be studied. Keywords symbiosis plankton siphonophores medusae ctenophores References Bowman, T. E., Gruner, H.-E. 1973 The families and genera of Hyperiidea (Crustacea: Amphipoda) Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 146 1 64 Google Scholar Brinton, E., Fleminger, A., Siegel-Causey, D. 1986 The temperate and tropical planktonic biotas of the Gulf of California CalCOFI Reports 27 228 266 Google Scholar Dittrich, B. 1987 Postembryonic development of the parasitic amphipod Hyperia galba Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen 41 217 232 Google Scholar Dittrich, B. 1988 Studies on the life cycle and reproduction of the parasitic amphipod Hyperia galba in the North Sea Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen 42 79 98 Google Scholar Dittrich, B. 1992 Functional morphology of the mouthparts and feeding strategies of the parasitic amphipod Hyperia galba (Montagu, 1813) Sarsia 77 11 18 Google Scholar Evans, F., Sheader, M. 1972 Host species of the hyperiid amphipod Hyperoche medusarum (Kroyer) in the North Sea Crustaceana 3 (Suppl.) 275 276 Google Scholar Harbison, G. R., Madin, L. P., Swanberg, N. R. 1978 On the natural history and distribution of oceanic ctenophores Deep-Sea Research 25 233 256 Google Scholar Laval, P. 1980 Hyperiid amphipods as crustacean parasitoids associated with gelatinous zooplankton Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 18 11 56 Google Scholar Madin, L. P., Harbison, G. R. 1977 The associations of Amphipoda Hyperiidea with gelatinous zooplankton I. Associations with Salpidae. Deep-Sea Research 24 449 463 Google Scholar Shih, C.-t., Chen, Q.-C. 1995Zooplankton of China Seas (2) The Hyperiidea (Crustacea: Amphipoda). China Ocean Press Beijing Google Scholar Siegel-Causey, D. 1982Factors Determining the Distribution of Hyperiid Amphipoda in the Gulf of California Ph.D. Dissertation University of Arizona, Tucson Google Scholar Stretch, J. J., King, J. M. 1980 Direct fission: an undescribed reproductive method in Hydromedusae Bulletin of Marine Science 30 522 526 Google Scholar Thiel, M. 1976 Wirbellose Meerestiere als Parasiten, Kommensalen oder Symbionten in oder an Scyphomedusen Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen 28 417 446 Google Scholar Thiel, M. 1997 Another caprellid amphipod with extended parental care: Aeginina longicornis Journal of Crustacean Biology 17 275 278 Google Scholar Thiel, M. 2000Extended parental care behavior in crustaceans–A comparative overview In vonVaupel Klein J. C. & F. Schram (eds), The Biodiversity Crisis and Crustacea. Proceedings of the Fourth International Crustacean Congress. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: 211–225 Google Scholar Thiel, M., Sampson, S., Watling, L. 1997 Extended parental care in two endobenthic amphipods Journal of Natural History 31 713 725 Google Scholar Thurston, M. H. 1977Depth distribution of Hyperia spinigera Bovallius, 1889 (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and medusae in the North Atlantic Ocean, with notes on the association between Hyperia and coelenterates In Angel M. (ed.), A Voyage of Discovery. Pergamon Press Limited, Oxford: 499–536 Google Scholar Vader, W. 1983 Associations between amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and sea anemones (Anthozoa: Actinaria) Memoirs of the Australian Museum 18 141 153 Google Scholar Vinogradov, M. E., Volkov, A. F., Semenova, T. N. 1996Hyperiid Amphipods (Amphipoda, Hyperiidea) of the World Oceans Science Publications Incorporated Lebanon, USA Google Scholar Westernhagen, H. 1976 Some aspects of the biology of the hyperiid amphipod Hyperoche medusarum Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen 28 43 50 Google Scholar
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