Human Studies

, 34:43

The Sociology of Knowledge Approach to Discourse (SKAD)

Theoretical Paper

Abstract

The article presents the sociology of knowledge approach to discourse (SKAD). SKAD, which has been in the process of development since the middle of the 1990s, is now a widely used framework among social scientists in discourse research in the German-speaking area. It links arguments from the social constructionist tradition, following Berger and Luckmann, with assumptions based in symbolic interactionism, hermeneutic sociology of knowledge, and the concepts of Michel Foucault. It argues thereby for a consistent theoretical and methodological grounding of a genuine social sciences perspective on discourse interested in the social production, circulation and transformation of knowledge, that is in social relations and politics of knowledge in the so-called ‘knowledge societies’. Distancing itself from Critical Discourse Analysis, Linguistics, Ethnomethodology inspired discourse analysis and the Analysis of Hegemonies, following Laclau and Mouffe, SKAD’s framework has been built up around research questions and concerns located in the social sciences, referring to public discourse and arenas as well as to more specific fields of (scientific, religious, etc.) discursive struggles and controversies around “problematizations” (Foucault).

Keywords

Discourse Knowledge Foucault Berger and Luckmann Symbolic interactionism Problematization Controversy 

References

  1. Bechmann, S. C. (2007). Gesundheitssemantiken der Moderne. Eine Diskursanalyse der Debatten über die Reform der Krankenversicherung. Berlin: Sigma.Google Scholar
  2. Berger, P., & Luckmann, Th. (1966). The social construction of reality. Garden City, New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  3. Bowker, G. S., & Star, S. L. (2000). Sorting things out. Classification and its consequences. England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Brunner, C. (2011). Wissensobjekt Selbstmordattentat. Epistemische Gewalt und okzidentalistische Selbstvergewisserung in der Terrorismusforschung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.Google Scholar
  5. Christmann, G. B. (2004). Dresdens Glanz, Stolz der Dresdner. Lokale Kommunikation, Stadtkultur und städtische Identität. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag.Google Scholar
  6. Clarke, A. (2005). Situational analysis. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  7. Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Douglas, M. (1986). How institutions think. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Foucault, M. (1972a). The archeology of knowledge. London: Routledge [first published in French 1969].Google Scholar
  10. Foucault, M. (1972). The archeology of knowledge and the discourse on language. New York [first published in French 1969 and 1971].Google Scholar
  11. Foucault, M. (1980). Power/knowledge. Selected interviews and other writings 1972-1977 (ed Colin Gordon). New York: Pantheon Press.Google Scholar
  12. Foucault, M. (ed.) (1982). I, Pierre Rivière, having slaughtered my mother, my sister, my brother… A Case of Parricide in the 19th century. University of Nebraska Press [first published in French 1973].Google Scholar
  13. Foucault, M. (1984). Polemics, politics and problematizations. Interview with Paul Rabinow. In P. Rabinow (Ed.), The Foucault reader (pp. 381–398). New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
  14. Giddens, A. (1986). The constitution of society. Outline of a theory of structuration. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  15. Gusfield, J. (1981). The culture of public problems: Dinking-driving and the symbolic order. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hitzler, R., & Honer, A. (Eds.). (1997). Sozialwissenschaftliche Hermeneutik. Eine Einführung. Opladen: UTB.Google Scholar
  17. Hitzler, R., Reichertz, J., & Schröer, N. (1999). Das Arbeitsfeld einer hermeneutischen Wissenssoziologie. In R. Hitzler, J. Reichertz, & N. Schröer (Eds.), Hermeneutische Wissenssoziologie (pp. 9–13). Konstanz: UVK.Google Scholar
  18. Hitzler, R., & Soeffner, H. G. (1994). Hermeneutik als Haltung und Handlung. Über methodisch kontrolliertes Verstehen. In N. Schröer (Ed.), Interpretative Sozialforschung. Auf dem Weg zu einer hermeneutischen Wissenssoziologie (pp. 28–55). Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.Google Scholar
  19. Jørgensen, M. W., & Philipps, L. J. (2002). Discourse analysis as theory and method. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  20. Keller, R. (1998). Müll-Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion des Wertvollen (2nd ed. VS-Verlag 2009). Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.Google Scholar
  21. Keller, R. (2001). Wissenssoziologische Diskursanalyse. In R. Keller et al. (Eds.), Handbuch Sozialwissenschaftliche Diskursanalyse Bd. 1: Theorien und Methoden (3rd ed., pp. 113–143). Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.Google Scholar
  22. Keller, R. (2003). Diskursforschung. Eine Einführung für SozialwissenschaflterInnen (4th ed. 2010; English translation to be published by SAGE in 2012). Opladen: Leske & Budrich. Google Scholar
  23. Keller, R. (2005). Wissenssoziologische Diskursanalyse. Grundlegung eines Forschungsprogramms (3rd ed. 2011). Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.Google Scholar
  24. Keller, R. (2008). Michel Foucault. Konstanz: UVK. Google Scholar
  25. Keller, R., & Truschkat, I. (Eds.). (2011). Praxis der Wissenssoziologischen Diskursanalyse Bd. 1. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften (in press).Google Scholar
  26. Kendall, G. and G. Wickham (2001). Understanding Culture. Cultural Studies, Order, Ordering. London.Google Scholar
  27. Knoblauch, H. (2005). Wissenssoziologie. Konstanz: UVK/UTB.Google Scholar
  28. Law, J. (1994). Organizing modernity. Oxford: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  29. Ricoeur, P. (1970). Freud and philosophy : An essay on interpretation. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Ricoeur, P. (1984). Time and narrative (Vol. 1). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  31. Schmied-Knittel, I. (2008). Satanismus und ritueller Missbrauch. Eine wissenssoziologische Diskursanalyse. Würzburg: Ergon.Google Scholar
  32. Schütz, A. (1967). The phenomenology of the social world. Evanston: Northwestern University Press [1932].Google Scholar
  33. Singelnstein, T. (2009). Diskurs und Kriminalität. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.Google Scholar
  34. Soeffner, H. G. (1989). Auslegung des Alltags–Der Alltag der Auslegung. Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  35. Strauss, A. (1987). Qualitative analysis for social scientists. Cambridge: University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research (2nd ed.). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  37. Truschkat, I. (2008). Kompetenzdiskurs und Bewerbungsgespräche. Eine Dispositivanalyse (neuer) Rationalitäten sozialer Differenzierung. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.Google Scholar
  38. Ullrich, P. (2008). Die Linke, Israel und Palästina. Nahostdiskurse in Großbritannien und Deutschland. Berlin: Dietz.Google Scholar
  39. Weber, M. (2002). The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. New York: Penguin Books [1904/1905].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wetherell, M., & Potter, J. (1988). Discourse analysis and the identification of interpretive repertoires. In C. Antaki (Ed.), Analysing everyday explanation: A casebook of methods (pp. 168–183). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  41. Wundrak, R. (2010). Die chinesische Community in Bukarest. Eine rekonstruktive diskursanalytische Fallstudie über Immigration und Transnationalismus. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.Google Scholar
  42. Zimmermann, Chr. (2010). Familie als Konfliktfeld im amerikanischen Kulturkampf. Eine Diskursanalyse. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Znaniecki, F. (1919). Cultural reality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abt. Soziologie, Fb 6 Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften, Institut für SozialwissenschaftenUniversity of Koblenz-LandauLandauGermany

Personalised recommendations