Ethnobotanical Study of Cultivated Plants in Home Gardens of Traditional Villages in Bali (Indonesia)
Tropical home gardens are important sites for high levels of plant species diversity (Smith 1996; Coomes and Ban 2004). In general, home gardens are characterized by different vegetation strata composed of trees, shrubs and herbs in association with annual and perennial cultivated plants (Fernandes and Nair 1986; Wezel and Bender 2003). The study of home gardens as distinct ecological and cultural entities in agriculture was initiated in the tropics of Southeast Asia in the 1950s, and has continued over the years (Terra 1954; Stoler 1978; Fernandes and Nair 1986; Soemarwoto 1987; Jensen 1993; Vlkova et al. 2011). Much ethnobotanical research on home gardens has been carried out among the indigenous people of the tropical developing world (Kumar and Nair 2004; Vlkova et al. 2011). These investigations have led to interesting results and new insights into the composition of gardens and plant species richness (Kumar et al. 1994; Coomes and Ban 2004; Vogl et al. 2004).
KeywordsShannon Index Home Garden Aphthous Stomatitis Margalef Index Phaseolus Lunatus
We would like to thank the Italian Ministry of Education, University, and Research (MIUR) through University Roma Tre for its financial support, and to Dr. Lorenzo Traversetti for his help in preparing cluster tree. The informants are thanked for sharing their knowledge, their hospitality, and providing support in many other ways. Justin Bradshaw revised the English language version.
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