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Human Ecology

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 563–574 | Cite as

Blundering Intruders: Extraneous Impacts on Two Indigenous Food Systems

  • Nancy J. Turner
  • Fikret Berkes
  • Janet Stephenson
  • Jonathan Dick
Article

Abstract

Indigenous communities commonly face a major impediment in their ongoing efforts to participate effectively in the stewardship and sustainable management of their traditional lands, waters and resources. Externally driven projects and policies can overwhelm communities' abilities to respond, severely impact in their resource base, and significantly eclipse traditional knowledge, practices and values. Such projects and policies can be devastating to small, Indigenous communities struggling to maintain their culture and economic independence in a changing world. While many examples of external impacts on small-scale resource use could be drawn upon for these communities, we illustrate this situation by examining the impact of fisheries management regimes on Indigenous coastal communities in British Columbia, Canada and Aotearoa New Zealand. We characterize the problem and identify key stressors involved. Within the context of Indigenous rights and Indigenous peoples' knowledge, perspectives and experience, we highlight the need to recognize this type of constraint on Indigenous Peoples' resource use and effective participation in resource management.

Keywords

Indigenous fishing rights Indigenous values Colonization Indigenous stewardship Sustainable resource management 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the many Indigenous environmental and cultural experts whose experiences and wisdom have informed our paper. We also acknowledge the Tula Foundation and Marsden Funds in BC and ANZ respectively for supporting our research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy J. Turner
    • 1
  • Fikret Berkes
    • 2
  • Janet Stephenson
    • 3
  • Jonathan Dick
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Environmental Studies, University of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  2. 2.Natural Resources Institute, University of ManitobaWinnepegCanada
  3. 3.Center for Sustainability, Agriculture, Food, Energy and Environment, University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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