Blundering Intruders: Extraneous Impacts on Two Indigenous Food Systems
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Indigenous communities commonly face a major impediment in their ongoing efforts to participate effectively in the stewardship and sustainable management of their traditional lands, waters and resources. Externally driven projects and policies can overwhelm communities' abilities to respond, severely impact in their resource base, and significantly eclipse traditional knowledge, practices and values. Such projects and policies can be devastating to small, Indigenous communities struggling to maintain their culture and economic independence in a changing world. While many examples of external impacts on small-scale resource use could be drawn upon for these communities, we illustrate this situation by examining the impact of fisheries management regimes on Indigenous coastal communities in British Columbia, Canada and Aotearoa New Zealand. We characterize the problem and identify key stressors involved. Within the context of Indigenous rights and Indigenous peoples' knowledge, perspectives and experience, we highlight the need to recognize this type of constraint on Indigenous Peoples' resource use and effective participation in resource management.
KeywordsIndigenous fishing rights Indigenous values Colonization Indigenous stewardship Sustainable resource management
We are grateful to the many Indigenous environmental and cultural experts whose experiences and wisdom have informed our paper. We also acknowledge the Tula Foundation and Marsden Funds in BC and ANZ respectively for supporting our research.
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