Human Ecology

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 101–111

Institutional Adaptation and Community-Based Conservation of Natural Resources: The Cases of the Tao and Atayal in Taiwan

Article

Abstract

Traditional institutional rules, values, and beliefs help support conservation regimes of natural resources in many indigenous communities. Such traditional conservation regimes may break down as a result of influences from the outside world. This paper examines two cases in Taiwan—the Tao communities on Orchid Island and the Atayal community in Smangus. The former illustrates a process in which traditional institutions supporting local conservation broke down as a result of external influences, leading to the loss of the local community’s ability to govern the use of a coastal fishery. The latter, in contrast, demonstrates how local people are able to adapt their traditional institutions to meet the challenges from the outside world while preserving a local forest. The paper concludes by examining factors that affect institutional adaptation in community-based conservation of natural resources.

Keywords

Taiwan Institutional change Community-based conservation Forests Fisheries 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National ChengChi UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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