Human Ecology

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 459–471 | Cite as

Reducing Energy Inputs in the US Food System

  • David Pimentel
  • Sean Williamson
  • Courtney E. Alexander
  • Omar Gonzalez-Pagan
  • Caitlin Kontak
  • Steven E. Mulkey
Article

Abstract

Petroleum and natural gas are the primary fuels in the US food system. Both fuels are now in short supply and significant quantities are being imported into the USA from various nations. An investigation documented that fossil energy use in the food system could be reduced by about 50% by appropriate technology changes in food production, processing, packaging, transportation, and consumption. The results suggest that overall, farmers benefit as well as consumers.

Keywords

Agriculture Energy conservation Food packaging Food system Food transport Land resources Nutrients USA 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Pimentel
    • 1
  • Sean Williamson
    • 1
  • Courtney E. Alexander
    • 1
  • Omar Gonzalez-Pagan
    • 1
  • Caitlin Kontak
    • 1
  • Steven E. Mulkey
    • 1
  1. 1.Cornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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