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Human Ecology

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 761–768 | Cite as

Traditional Management of Agrobiodiversity in Brazil: A Case Study of Manioc

  • Laure EmperaireEmail author
  • Nivaldo Peroni
Article

Introduction

Manioc (Manihot esculenta Crantz), a plant originally from neotropical lowlands, can be considered a model for the study of the biological and cultural construction of agrobiodiversity managed by traditional communities in Brazil. Firstly, the plant is a staple in both Northern and Southern Brazil, which allows for comparisons along various ecological and sociocultural dimensions. Secondly, despite its vegetative multiplication, there is an immense diversity of manioc varieties, both at the regional and local levels, which makes possible analysis of the relations between diversity and its cultural basis. The issue we address here is a comparative study of manioc management in two traditional contexts of slash-and-burn agriculture, one in the Atlantic forest region and the other in the Amazon.

The heavy loss of diversity of crops now under way raises questions about the future of traditional agriculture (Thrupp 2000). Since the fourth technical FAO conference held in...

Keywords

Paulo State Woman Farmer Sweet Variety Bitter Variety Agricultural Diversity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

In the Amazon: program on “Biological Resource Management in the Amazon: Varietal Diversity of the Manioc and its Integration in Production Systems,” 1998–2000, supported by CNPq-ISA / IRD cooperation (process 910211/97-3), coordinated by L. Emperaire and G. Andrello, and funded by CNPq (BR) Genetic Resource Office, IRD and CNRS (FR). Field research participants: L. Emperaire, F. Pinton, S. Desmoulière, G. Le Blanc and L. van Velthem. Laboratory research participant: G. Santos Mühlen. In the Atlantic Forest: Ph.D. thesis (N. Peroni): “Ecology and Manioc Genetics in the Itinerant Agriculture of the Southern São Paulo State Coastline: a Spatial and Temporal Analysis”. Supported by FAPESP (process 97/14514-1) and CNPq 2000–2004; (Ph.D. thesis advised by P. Y. Kageyama and A. Begossi) and Post-Doctorate, under the title “Inter and Intra-Specific Diversity of Cultivated Species: Species Management and Fields in the São Paulo State Caiçara Community Land and Sea Use Context.” Supported by FAPESP, processes 01/05263-2 and 03/13688-9 (Coordinated by N. Peroni, A. Begossi, UNICAMP).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Research for Development (IRD)–UR 169, “Heritage, territory and identities”UR169 IRD–MNHN, Département HNS CP026Paris Cedex 05France
  2. 2.Fisheries and Food Institute (FIFO)CampinasBrazil

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