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Human Ecology

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 133–145 | Cite as

Mollusc Gathering in Northeast Brazil: An Ethnoecological Approach

  • Alberto Kioharu Nishida
  • Nivaldo Nordi
  • Rômulo Romeu da Nóbrega AlvesEmail author
Brief Communication

INTRODUCTION

Mangrove estuarineareas often support an abundance of mollusc species that are largely sessile in nature and constitute an important in situ fishery (Hamilton and Snedaker, 1984; Macintosh, 1982; Macnae, 1974; Matthes and Kapetsky, 1988). Edible species of oysters, mussels, cockles, and gastropods are collected extensively for local consumption, usually by the families of local fishermen (Rönnbäck, 1999).

Prehistoric deposits of shells, skeletons, and refuse on the Brazilian coast near estuaries, known as sambaquis (Gaspar, 2000), demonstrate the early use of molluscs by human populations. In Brazil shellfish catching (mariscagem) is a largely extractive component of fishing activities concentrated at the periphery of many towns close to estuaries where there is cheap and abundant labor, and the ready availability of the resource (Ostini and Poli, 1990).

In the face of the need to develop environmental conservation strategies suited to the socioeconomic and ecological...

Keywords

Hard Substrate Byssal Thread Coastal Fishery Sustainable Exploitation Mollusc Gatherer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to mollusc gatherers of the State of Paraíba, to WWF for financial support, and to Dr. Breno Grisi for reviewing the English version of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Kioharu Nishida
    • 1
  • Nivaldo Nordi
    • 2
  • Rômulo Romeu da Nóbrega Alves
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de Sistemática e EcologiaUniversidade Federal da ParaíbaJoão PessoaBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Hidrobiologia, LEHEUniversidade Federal de São CarlosSão CarlosBrazil

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